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Almaty

Administration
Full nameAlmaty
Official nameAlmaty
Native nameAlma-Ata
Алматы
Алма-Ата
CountryKazakhstan
First settled10 9th century BC
Founded1854
Incorporated (city)1867
Government
Akim (mayor)Akhmetzhan Yesimov
Geography
Total Area125.4 sq mi (324.8 km2)
Metro Area0 sq mi (|area_metro_sq_mi= km2)
Elevation1640 5577 ft (499.9 m)
Demography
Total Population1421868 (August 1, 2010)
Density (pop.)4152/km2 (10753.7/sq mi)
Other information
Time zoneUTC+6 (UTC+6)
Postal code050000 050063
Area code+7 727
ISO 3166-2ALA
License plateA

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Almaty ( ), also known by its former names Verny (Russian: Верный, "Faithful," prior to 1921) and Alma-Ata ( , from 1921), is the former capital of Kazakhstan and the nation's largest city, with a population of 1,348,500 (as of September 1, 2008). This represents approximately 9% of the population of the country.

Almaty was the capital of the Kazakh SSR and its successor Kazakhstan from 1929 to 1997. Despite losing its status as the capital to Astana in 1997, Almaty remains the major commercial center of Kazakhstan. The city is located in a mountainous area of southern Kazakhstan, near the border with Kyrgyzstan.


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