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Karaganda

Administration
Full nameKaragandy
Official nameKaragandy
Native nameҚарағанды
CountryKazakhstan
ProvinceKaragandy Province
Founded1931
Government
Akim (mayor)Islam Togaybayev
Geography
Total Area192150.8 sq mi (497800 km2)
Demography
Total Population471800 (1 January 2010)
Other information
Time zoneBTT (UTC+6)
Postal code100000 - 100030
Area code+7 7212

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Karagandy ( ), more commonly known by its Russian name Karaganda, ( , until 1993), is the capital of Karagandy Province in Kazakhstan. It is the fourth most populous city in Kazakhstan, behind Almaty (Alma-Ata), Astana and Shymkent, with a population of 471,800 (as of 1 January 2010). In the 1940s up to 70% of the city's inhabitants were ethnic Germans. Most of the ethnic Germans are descendants of Soviet Volga Germans who were collectively deported to Siberia and Kazakhstan on Stalin's order when Hitler invaded Poland. Until the 1950s, many were interned in labor camps, often only due to their heritage. The population of Karaganda fell by 14% from 1989-1999; it was once Kazakhstan's second largest city after Almaty. One hundred thousand people have since emigrated to Germany. There is also a smaller concentration of ethnic Poles.

It is the home city of Kazakh World War II hero Nurken Abdirov. A statue in Abdirov's honor is located in the center of the city.


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