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Joe Biden

Joe Biden
Personal data
Date of birthNovember 20, 1942(age 73)
Place of birthScranton, Pennsylvania, United States
Birth nameJoseph Robinette Biden, Jr.
Political partyDemocratic Party
SpouseNeilia Hunter (1966 1972)
Jill Jacobs (1977 present)
ChildrenBeau Biden (b.1969)
Robert Biden (b.1970)
Naomi Biden (1971-1972)
Ashley Biden (b.1981)
ResidenceNumber One Observatory Circle (Official)
Wilmington, Delaware (Private)
Alma materUniversity of Delaware (BA)
Syracuse University (JD)
ReligionRoman Catholicism
47th Vice President of the United States
Assumed officeJanuary 20, 2009
PresidentBarack Obama
Preceded byDick Cheney
Chairman of the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations
In officeJanuary 4, 2007 - January 3, 2009
Succeeded byJohn Kerry
Preceded byRichard Lugar
In officeJune 6, 2001 - January 3, 2003
Succeeded byRichard Lugar
Preceded byJesse Helms
In officeJanuary 3 - January 20, 2001
Succeeded byJesse Helms
Preceded byJesse Helms
Chairman of the International Narcotics Control Caucus
In officeJanuary 4, 2007 - January 3, 2009
Succeeded byDianne Feinstein
Preceded byChuck Grassley
Chairman of the Senate Committee on the Judiciary
In officeJanuary 6, 1987 - January 3, 1995
Succeeded byOrrin Hatch
Preceded byStrom Thurmond
In officeJanuary 3, 1973 - January 15, 2009
Succeeded byTed Kaufman
Preceded byCaleb Boggs
Member of the New Castle County Council
In officeJanuary 4, 1971 - January 3, 1973

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Joseph Robinette "Joe" Biden, Jr. (c-enpronˈdʒoʊsɨf_rɒbɨˈnɛt_ˈbaɪdən; born November 20, 1942) is the 47th and current Vice President of the United States, serving under President Barack Obama. A Democrat, he was a United States Senator from Delaware from January 3, 1973 until his resignation on January 15, 2009, following his election to the Vice Presidency.

Biden was born in Scranton, Pennsylvania and lived there for ten years before moving to Delaware. He became an attorney in 1969, and was elected to a county council in 1970. Biden was first elected to the Senate in 1972 and became the sixth-youngest senator in U.S. history. He was re-elected to the Senate six times, was the fourth most senior senator at the time of his resignation, and is the 15th-longest serving Senator in history. Biden was a long-time member and former chairman of the Foreign Relations Committee. His strong advocacy helped bring about U.S. military assistance and intervention during the Bosnian War. He opposed the Gulf War in 1991. He voted in favor of the Iraq War Resolution in 2002, but later proposed resolutions to alter U.S. strategy there. He has also served as chairman of the Senate Judiciary Committee, dealing with issues related to drug policy, crime prevention, and civil liberties, and led creation of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act and Violence Against Women Act. He chaired the Judiciary Committee during the contentious U.S. Supreme Court nominations of Robert Bork and Clarence Thomas.

Biden unsuccessfully sought the Democratic presidential nomination in 1988 and 2008, both times dropping out early in the race. Barack Obama selected Biden to be the Democratic Party nominee for Vice President in the 2008 U.S. presidential election. Biden is the first Roman Catholic and the first Delawarean to become Vice President of the United States. As Vice President, Biden has been heavily involved in Obama's decision-making process and held the oversight role for infrastructure spending from the Obama stimulus package aimed at counteracting the late-2000s recession. His ability to negotiate with Congressional Republicans played a key role in bringing about the bipartisan deals that resulted in the Tax Relief, Unemployment Insurance Reauthorization, and Job Creation Act of 2010 that resolved a taxation deadlock and the Budget Control Act of 2011 that resolved the United States debt ceiling crisis.

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