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Full nameIstanbul
Settlement typeCity
- Byzantiumc. 660 BC
- Constantinople330 AD
- Istanbul1453 (Ottoman Turkish)
1923 (Modern Turkish)
1930 (internationally)
MayorKadir Topbaş
Metro Area2062.4 sq mi (5343 km2)
Total Population8803468 (2000 10 city proper, 2010 12 metro area)
Metro (pop.)13255685
Other information
Time zoneEET (UTC+2)
- Summer (DST)EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code34000 to 34850
Area code(+90) 212 (European side)
(+90) 216 (Asian side)

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Istanbul ( ), historically known as Byzantium and Constantinople (see names of Istanbul for further information), is the largest city of Turkey. Istanbul metropolitan province (municipality) had 13.26 million people living in it as of December, 2010, which is 18% of Turkey's population and the 3rd largest metropolitan area in Europe (if its Asian half is counted) after London and Moscow. The city in its administrative limits had 8.8 million residents counted in the latest Turkish census from 2000. Istanbul is a megacity, as well as the cultural, economic, and financial centre of Turkey. It is located on the Bosphorus Strait and encompasses the natural harbour known as the Golden Horn, in the northwest of the country. It extends both on the European (Thrace) and on the Asian (Anatolia) sides of the Bosphorus, and is thereby the only metropolis in the world that is situated on two continents. Istanbul is a designated alpha world city.

During its long history, Istanbul has served as the capital of the Roman Empire (330 395), the Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Empire (395 1204 and 1261 1453), the Latin Empire (1204 1261), and the Ottoman Empire (1453 1922). When the Republic of Turkey was proclaimed on 29 October 1923, Ankara, which had previously served as the headquarters of the Turkish national movement during the Turkish War of Independence, was chosen as the new Turkish State's capital. Istanbul was chosen as a joint European Capital of Culture for 2010 and the European Capital of Sports for 2012. Istanbul is currently bidding to host the 2020 Summer Olympics. The historic areas of the city were added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1985.

The city covers 39 districts of the Istanbul province.

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