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Iraqi parliamentary election, December 2005

Election NameIraqi parliamentary election, December 2005
CountryIraq
Flag Year2004
Typeparliamentary
Ongoingno
Previous ElectionIraqi parliamentary election, January 2005
Previous Year2005 (Jan)
Next ElectionIraqi parliamentary election, 2010
Next Year2010
Seats For ElectionAll 275 seats to the Council of Representatives of Iraq
138 seats were needed for a majority
Election Date15 December 2005
Leader1Abdul al-Hakim
Party1United Iraqi Alliance
Last Election1140
Seats1128
Seat Change1(-)12*
Popular Vote15,021,137
Percentage141.2%
Swing1(-)7%
Leader2Jalal Talabani
Party2Democratic Patriotic Alliance of Kurdistan
Last Election275
Seats253
Seat Change2(-)22*
Popular Vote22,642,172
Percentage221.7%
Swing2(-)4%
Leader3Tariq al-Hashimi
Party3Iraqi Accord Front
Last Election3-
Seats344
Seat Change3(+)44*
Popular Vote31,840,216
Percentage315.1%
Swing3N/A
Map ImageIraq_Dec05_Elect.png
Map Size325px
Map CaptionColours denote which party won the most votes in every governorate
TitlePrime Minister
PosttitlePrime Minister-designate
Before ElectionIbrahim al-Jaafari
Before PartyUnited Iraqi Alliance
After ElectionNouri al-Maliki
After PartyUnited Iraqi Alliance

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Following the ratification of the Constitution of Iraq on 15 October 2005, a general election was held on 15 December to elect a permanent 275-member Iraqi Council of Representatives.

The elections took place under a list system, whereby voters chose from a list of parties and coalitions. 230 seats were apportioned among Iraq's 18 governorates based on the number of registered voters in each as of the January 2005 elections, including 59 seats for Baghdad Governorate. The seats within each governorate were allocated to lists through a system of Proportional Representation. An additional 45 "compensatory" seats were allocated to those parties whose percentage of the national vote total (including out of country votes) exceeds the percentage of the 275 total seats that they have been allocated. Women were required to occupy 25% of the 275 seats. The change in the voting system will give more weight to Arab Sunni voters, who make up most of the voters in several provinces. It was expected that these provinces would thus return mostly Sunni Arab representatives, after most Sunnis boycotted the last election.

Turnout was high (79.6%). The White House was encouraged by the relatively low levels of violence during polling, with one insurgent group making good on a promised election day moratorium on attacks, even going so far as to guard the voters from attack. President Bush frequently pointed to the election as a sign of progress in rebuilding Iraq. However, post-election violence threatened to plunge the nation into civil war, before the situation began to calm in 2007. The election results themselves produced a shaky coalition government headed by Nouri al-Maliki.

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IQ Elections and referendums in Iraq

Parliamentary elections1924 * 1953 * 1954 * 1958 * 1980 * 1984 * 1989 * 1996 * 2000 * 2005 (Jan) * 2005 (Dec) * 2010
Presidential elections1995 * 2002
Governorate elections2005 * 2009
Referendums1921 * 2005 * 2010

IQi Kurdistan Elections and referendums in Iraqi Kurdistan

Parliamentary elections1992 * 2005 * 2009
Governorate elections2005
Presidential elections1992 * 2009
Referendums2005 * Сonstitutional referendum * Kirkuk status referendum



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