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Full nameGyumri
Official nameGyumri
Established401 BC
MayorVartan Ghukasyan
Total Area17.4 sq mi (45 km2)
Elevation4952 ft (1509.3696 m)
Density (pop.)3253/km2 (8425.3/sq mi)
Metro (pop.)146400
Other information
Time zoneGMT (UTC+4)
- Summer (DST)GMT (UTC+5)

     Home | City | Gyumri

Gyumri ( ) is the capital and largest city of the Shirak Province in northwest Armenia. It is located about 120 km from the capital Yerevan, and, with a population of 168,918 (2008; up from 150,917 reported at the 2001 census), is the second-largest city in Armenia.

The name of the city has been changed many times in history. It was first known as Kumayri or Gyumri, then Alexandropol ( , , 1840-1924), then Leninakan ( , 1924 1990), then again as Gyumri.

The city is situated on a 126 km distance north to Yerevan in the central part of the Shirak Highland, at an approximate height of 1550 meters above sea level. The Akhurian River passes through the western suburbs of Gyumri. Gyumri's climate is characterised with very severe and cold winters, where the minimum temperature could fall down to -41 C (-16.2 F). On the other hand, summers in Gyumri are relatively hot with temperatures could reach up to 36 C (122.4 F). The annual precipitation makes up to 500 mm (19.7 in) in average.

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