AskBiography Logo   Latest News  Follow Us on Twitter  Follow Us on Google Buzz  Became Fan - Facebook  Subscribe to RSSRSS   Bookmark and Share

Francisco de Paula Martínez de la Rosa y Berdejo

Francisco de Paula Martinez de la Rosa y Berdejo
Personal data
Date of birthMarch 10, 1787
Place of birthGranada, Spain
Date of deathFebruary 7, 1862 (aged 74)
Political partyRealista Moderado
Prime Minister of Spain
In office1834 - 1835
MonarchIsabella II
Succeeded byJosé María Queipo de Llano Ruiz de Saravia, Count of Toreno
Secretary of State
In office1820 - 1823
MonarchFerdinand VII
Succeeded byNone

     Home | Office Holder | Francisco de Paula Martinez de la Rosa y Berdejo

Francisco de Paula Martinez de la Rosa (March 10, 1787 � February 7, 1862), Spanish statesman and dramatist, was born on the 10th of March 1787 at Granada, and educated at the university there.

He won popularity with a series of epigrams on local celebrities published under the title of El Cementerio de momo. During the struggle against Napoleon he took the patriotic side, was elected deputy, and at Cadiz produced his first play, Lo que puede un empleo, a prose comedy in the manner of the younger Moratin. La Viuda de Padilia (1814), a tragedy modelled upon Alfieri, was less acceptable to the Spanish public.

Meanwhile the author became more and more engulfed in politics, and in 1814 was banished to Africa, where he remained until 1820, when he was suddenly recalled and appointed prime minister. During the next three years he was the most unpopular man in Spain; denounced as a revolutionist by the Conservatives and as a reactionary by the Liberals, he alienated the sympathies of all parties, and his rhetoric earned for him the contemptuous nickname of Rosita la Pastelera (Rosie the compromiser/cake maker).

Exiled in 1823, he took refuge in Paris, where he issued his Obras literarias (1827), including his Arte poética, in which he exaggerated the literary theories already promulgated by Luzan.

Returning to Spain in 1831, he became prime minister on the death of Ferdinand VII, but proved incapable of coping with the insurrectionary movement and resigned in 1834. He was ambassador at Paris in 1839-1840 and at Rome in 1842-1843, joined the Conservative party, held many important offices, and was president of congress and director of the Spanish academy at the time of his death, which took place at Madrid on the 7th of February 1862. As a statesman, Martinez de la Rosa never rose above mediocrity. It was his misfortune to be in place without real power, to struggle against a turbulent pseudo-democratic movement promoted by unscrupulous soldiers, and to contend with the intrigues of the king, the court camarilla and the clergy. But circumstances which hampered him in politics favoured his career in literature. He was not a great natural force; his early plays and poems are influenced by Moratin or by Melndez Valds; his Espíritu del siglo (1835) is an elegant summary of all the commonplaces concerning the philosophy of history; his Doña Isabel de Solís (1837 � 1846) is a weak imitation of Walter Scott's historical novels. Still his place in the history of Spanish literature is secure, if not eminent.

Through the happy accident of his exile at Paris he was thrown into relations with the leaders of the French Romantic Movement, and was so far impressed with the innovations of the new school as to write in French a romantic piece entitled Abén Humeya (1830), which was played at the Porte Saint-Martin. The experiment was not unsuccessful, and on his return to Madrid Martinez de la Rosa produced La Conjuracíon de Venecia (April 23, 1834), which entitles him to be called the pioneer of the romantic drama in Spain. The play is more reminiscent of Casimir Delavigne than of Victor Hugo; but it was unquestionably effective, and smoothed the way for the bolder essays of Rivas, Garcia Gutirrez and Hartzenbusch.

Francisco de Paula Martinez de la Rosa y Berdejo Video

Latest News : Francisco de Paula Martinez de la Rosa y Berdejo : Tweet this RSS

Want to Francisco de Paula Martinez de la Rosa y Berdejo latest news on your twitter account???   sign in with twitter
Francisco de Paula Martinez de la Rosa y Berdejo     sign in with twitter   ||  Office_Holder     sign in with twitter   ||  Politics     sign in with twitter

Political offices
New firstNew reason=None recognized beforePrime Minister of Spain
15 January 1834 - 7 June 1835
Succeeded by
The Count of Toreno
Minister of State
15 January 1834 - 7 June 1835
Preceded by
Ramón María Narváez
Minister of State
21 August 1844 - 12 February 1846
Succeeded by
The Marquis of Miraflores
Preceded by
Leopoldo Augusto de Cueto
Minister of State
25 October 1857 - 14 January 1858
Succeeded by
Francisco Javier de Istúriz

Prime Ministers of Spain

Kingdom of Spain
(mid-19th century)
Martínez de la Rosa * Toreno * Álava * Álvarez Mendizábal * Istúriz * Calatrava * Espartero * Bardají * Heredia-Spínola * Frías * Pérez de Castro * A. González * Ferraz * Cortázar * Sancho * Espartero * Ferrer * A. González * Rodil * J. M. López * Gómez Becerra * J. M. López * Olózaga * González-Bravo * Narváez * Miraflores * Narváez * Istúriz * Sotomayor * Pacheco * Salamanca * García Goyena * Narváez * Clonard * Bravo Murillo * Roncali * Lersundi * Sartorius * Mendigorría * Rivas * Espartero * O'Donnell * Narváez * Armero * Istúriz * O'Donnell * Arrazola * Pidal * Narváez * O'Donnell * Narváez * González-Bravo * Havana * Madoz * Serrano * Prim * Topete * Serrano * Ruiz Zorrilla * Malcampo * Sagasta * Topete * Serrano * Mendigorría * Ruiz Zorrilla
First Republic
(1873 - 1874)
Figueras * Pi * Salmerón * Castelar * Serrano * Sierra Bullones * Sagasta
Second Bourbon
(1874 - 1931)
Cánovas * Jovellar * Martínez Campos * Sagasta * Posada * Azcarraga * Silvela * Fernández-Villaverde * Maura * Montero * Moret * López Domínguez * Vega de Armijo * Canalejas * García Prieto * Romanones * Dato * Maura * Sánchez de Toca * Bugallal * Sánchez-Guerra * Primo de Rivera * Berenguer * Aznar-Cabañas
Second Republic
(1931 - 1939)
Alcalá-Zamora * Azaña * Lerroux * Martínez Barrio * Samper * Chapaprieta * Portela * Barcía * Casares * Martínez Barrio * Giral * Largo * Negrín
Francoist Spain
(1939 - 1975)
Franco * Carrero * Fernández-Miranda * Arias * Santiago
Since 1975Suárez * Calvo Sotelo * F. González * J.M. Aznar * Zapatero

Privacy | Sitemap | Micra Hosting | USA Yellow Pages