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Caen

Administration
Full nameCaen
CountryFrance
RegionLower Normandy
DepartmentCalvados
ArrondissementCaen
IntercommunalityCaen la Mer
MayorPhilippe Duron (PS) (2008 2014)
Statistics
Elevation26.2 ft (8 m)
Highest Elevation239.5 ft (73 m)
Lowest Elevation6.6 ft (2 m)
Land Area9.9 sq mi (25.70 km2)
Total Population112790 (2008)
- Density11366.7/sq mi (4388.7/km2)
Postal code14000, 14300
INSEE14118

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Caen (-frkɑ̃) is a commune in northwestern France. It is the prefecture of the Calvados department and the capital of the Basse-Normandie region. It is located 15 km (9.3 mi) inland from the English Channel.

Caen is known for its historical buildings built during the reign of William the Conqueror, who was buried here, and for the Battle for Caen-heavy fighting that took place in and around Caen during the Battle of Normandy in 1944, destroying much of the town.

Two hours north-west of Paris, and connected to the south of England by the Caen-(Ouistreham)-Portsmouth ferry route, Caen is located in the centre of its northern region, over which it is a centre of political, economic and cultural power.

As the city of William the Conqueror, the city has a long and complex history. In the Second World War, it was a key site of the Battle of Normandy. The city has preserved the memory by erecting a memorial for peace.

Located a few miles from the coast, the landing beaches, the bustling resort of Deauville and Cabourg, Norman Switzerland or Pays d'Auge (often considered the archetype of Normandy), Caen offers all possible services.

The city proper has 113,249 inhabitants (as of 2006), while its urban area has 420,000, making Caen the largest and most important city in Lower Normandy. It is also the second largest municipality in all of Normandy after Le Havre and the third largest city proper in Normandy, after Rouen and Le Havre. The metropolitan area of Caen, in turn, is the second largest in Normandy after that of Rouen, the 21st largest in France.


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