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Full nameBangkok
Official nameKrung Thep Maha Nakhon
Native nameกรุงเทพมหานคร
SettledAyutthaya Period
Founded as capital21 April 1782
TypeSpecial administrative area
GovernorM.R. Sukhumbhand Paribatra
Total Area605.5 sq mi (1568.737 km2)
Metro Area2995.9 sq mi (7761.50 km2)
Total Population8249117 (2010 (Census))
Density (pop.)5258.60/km2 (13619.8/sq mi)
Metro (pop.)14565520
Human Development Index
HDI (2009)0.933 (very high) (1st)
Other information
Time zoneThailand (UTC+7)
Area code+66-2
ISO 3166-2TH-10
Airport SuvarnabhumiIATA: BKK � ICAO: VTBS
Airport Don MuangIATA: DMK � ICAO: VTBD

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Bangkok is the capital and largest urban area city in Thailand. Known in Thai as Krung Thep Maha Nakhon ( , pronounced -thkrūŋ tʰêːp máhǎː nákʰɔ̄ːnTh-Krung Thep Maha Nakhon, or simply Krung Thep ( ), meaning "city of angels." The full name of Bangkok is Krungthep Maha Nakorn, Amarn Rattanakosindra, Mahindrayudhya, Mahadilokpop Noparatana Rajdhani Mahasathan, Amorn Piman Avatarn Satit, Sakkatultiya Vishnukarn Prasit. The 167 letters make Bangkok's name the longest city name in the world. Bangkok is by far the most densely populated city in Thailand with about 9 million people. Bangkok was originally a small trading post on the west bank of the lower Chao Phraya River during the Ayutthaya Kingdom. It became the capital city in 1768 following the death of King Taksin when the capital was moved to the east bank of the river Rama I. Today, Bangkok is one of the most important commercial centers in South East Asia and a gateway and principal destination for many visitors. It has more than 400 richly decorated temples and six universities. Its numerous canals, many of which are home to floating markets, give Bangkok the name "Venice of the East."

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