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Arab citizens of Israel

Notable Arab citizens of Israel:
Emile Habibi - Ahmad Tibi - Boutros Mouallem - Samih al-Qasim - Salim Tuama - Mohammad Bakri - Raleb Majadele - Juliano Mer-Khamis - Mira Awad
Ethnic group
GroupArab citizens of Israel
over 278,000 in East Jerusalem
and the Golan Heights (2008)
20.4% of Israeli population
Main regionIsrael

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:This article is about Palestinians and Arabs with Israeli citizenship. For Palestinians of all citizenships, see Palestinian people.Arab citizens of Israel or Israeli Arabs, refers to citizens of Israel who are not Jewish, and whose cultural and linguistic heritage or ethnic identity is Arab.

The traditional vernacular of Arab citizens, irrespective of religion, is the Arabic language, or more precisely, the Palestinian dialect of Arabic. Most Arab citizens of Israel are functionally bilingual, their second language being Modern Hebrew. By religious affiliation, most are Muslim, particularly of the Sunni branch of Islam. There is a significant Arab Christian minority from various denominations as well as Druze, among other religious communities. Jews of Arab extraction are not considered to form part of this population.

According to Israel's Central Bureau of Statistics, the Arab population of Israel in 2010 is estimated at 1,573,000, representing 20.4% of the population. The majority of these identify themselves as Arab or Palestinian by nationality and Israeli by citizenship. Many have family ties to Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, as well as to Palestinian refugees in Jordan, Syria, and Lebanon. Negev Bedouins tend to identify more as Israelis than other Arab citizens of Israel.

Most of the Arabs living in East Jerusalem and the Golan Heights, occupied by Israel since the Six-Day War of 1967, were offered Israeli citizenship, but refused, not wanting to recognize Israeli sovereignty. They became permanent residents. They are entitled to municipal services and have voting rights.

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