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Zabol

Administration
Full nameZabol
Official nameZabol
Native nameزابل
Settlement typecity
CountryIran
ProvinceSistan and Baluchestan
CountyZabol
BakhshCentral
Demography
Total Population130642 (2006)
Density (pop.)auto/km2 (0/sq mi)
Other information
Time zoneIRST (UTC+3:30)
- Summer (DST)IRDT (UTC+4:30)

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Zabol ( , also Romanized as Zābol) is a city in and the capital of Zabol County, Sistan and Baluchestan Province, Iran. Zabol lies on the border with both Afghanistan and Pakistan. At the 2006 census, its population was 130,642, in 27,867 families.

Zabol is located near Lake Hamun and the region is irrigated by the Hirmand River. Lake Hamun is a seasonal lake that is often dry. The people of Zabol speak a Persian language variant known as Sistani or Seistani which is very similar to Dari, also known as Afghan Persian. The tribes of the area include the Shahraki, Arbabi, Barani, Sarani, Fakhireh, Mir, Dahmardeh, Rashki, Sanchooli, Pahlevan, Faghiri, Divaneh, Gorg, Nohtani, and Sayyadi. In recent years these tribal names appear in the surnames of the inhabitants of the area. There are also many Baluchis, Brahuis and some Pashtuns in the city.

Zabol area is well known for its "120 day wind" (bād-e sad-o-bist-roz), a highly persistent dust storm in the summer which blows from north to south.

The city is home to Zabol University, the largest university in the city. Zabol has a regional airport with two runways.

Zabol is connected by road to Zaranj across the border in Afghanistan. The Delaram-Zaranj Highway provides road connectivity to the rest of Afghanistan. Zabol thus provides Afghanistan access to the Arabian Sea and Persian Gulf via the Port of Chabahar.




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