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En NameYoshkar-Ola
Ru NameЙошкар-Ола
Loc Name1Йошкар-Ола
Loc Lang1Mari
Image SkylineBuilding of a city administration of Yoshkar-Ola.jpg
Image CaptionYoshkar-Ola City Hall
Map Label Positionright
Image CoaCoat of Arms of Yoshkar-Ola (Mariy-El) (2005).png
Image FlagFlag of Yoshkar-Ola (Mariy-El).png
HolidayThird Saturday of August
Federal SubjectMari El Republic
Capital OfMari El Republic
Inhabloc CatCity
Urban Okrug JurYoshkar-Ola Urban Okrug
Leader TitleHead
Leader NameOleg Voinov
Representative BodyCity Duma
Area Km2101.45
Pop 2010census248688
Pop 2010census Rank74th
Pop 2002census256719
Pop 2002census Rank74th
Established Date1584
Postal Codes655000
Dialing Codes3902
DateApril 2010

     Home | City | Yoshkar-Ola

Yoshkar-Ola (Mari and ) is the capital city of the Mari El Republic, Russia. Population:

Yoshkar-Ola means red city in Mari. The current name is the third to have been given to the city. The city was known as Tsaryovokokshaysk ( ) before 1919 and as Krasnokokshaysk ( ) between 1919 and 1927. These names were derived from the name of the Malaya Kokshaga River, which runs through the city.

During the Soviet era, especially after World War II, the city was a regional industrial and transport center and grew to its current size. The collapse of the Soviet Union removed support for state enterprises, and led to the shutdown of most manufacturing activity in the area. Much of the city's economic activity was supported by shuttle traders who would transport (often counterfeit) goods from the bustling markets of Moscow to Yoshkar-Ola's bazaars. The sharp decline in living standards led to the emigration of specialized professionals to larger cities in Russia.

The 14th Kiev-Zhitomir Rocket Division of the 27th Guards Missile Army of the Strategic Rocket Forces is located nearby.

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