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Full nameVientiane
Official nameVientiane
Native nameວຽງຈັນ
Settlement typeCapital City
Settled9th Century AD
MayorSombath Yialiheu
Elevation570 ft (173.7 m)
Total Population754000 (7/2009 est)

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Vientiane ( , Lao wikt:ວຽງຈັນວຽງຈັນ Wiang-jun; Thai wikt:เวียงจันทน์เวียงจันทน์ Wiang-chan, -thwíəŋ tɕànIPA; literally "City of Sandalwood") is the capital and largest city of Laos, situated in the Mekong river. Vientiane became the capital in 1563 due to fears of a Burmese invasion. During French rule, Vientiane was the administrative capital and due to economic growth in recent times, it has become the economic centre of Laos.

The estimated population of the city is 754,000 (2009) while the number of people living in the Vientiane metropolitan area (the entire Vientiane Prefecture and parts of Vientiane Province) is believed to be over 730,000. The city hosted the 25th Southeast Asian Games in December 2009 celebrating the 50 years of SEA Games.

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