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Velikiye Luki

En NameVelikiye Luki
Ru NameВеликие Луки
Image SkylineMusorgski museum.jpg
Image CaptionMusorgsky museum
Map Label Positionleft
Image CoaCoat of Arms of Velikie Luki (Pskov oblast).png
Image FlagFlag of Velikie Luki (Pskov oblast).png
Federal SubjectPskov Oblast
Inhabloc CatTown
Urban Okrug JurVelikiye Luki Urban Okrug
Area Km260.08
Pop 2010census98778
Pop 2010census Rank169th
Pop 2002census104979
Pop 2002census Rank152nd
Established Date1166
Postal Codes182100-182115
Dialing Codes81153
DateMay 2010

     Home | City | Velikiye Luki

Velikiye Luki ( ; lit. great meanders) is a town on the meandering Lovat River in the southern part of Pskov Oblast, Russia. It is the second largest town in Pskov Oblast; population:

The town is served by the Velikiye Luki Airport.

It was first mentioned in a chronicle under the year of 1166. After the construction of a fortress in 1211, Velikiye Luki gained strategic importance, defending the approaches to Pskov and Novgorod. It was incorporated into Muscovy by Ivan the Great in 1478. It was granted town status in 1777. At the beginning of the 20th century, it evolved into an important railway hub following the construction of the railway connecting Moscow with Riga.

During World War II, in 1941 and 1942, intensive fighting took place in the vicinity between German and Soviet forces. During the Battle of Velikiye Luki (in late 1942) a German force of about 20,000 was surrounded in the town which had been turned into a fortress. After months of heavy fighting, the German defenders were finally wiped out in January 1943. As a result of this siege, the city suffered almost total destruction.

Velikiye Luki has been claimed as the birth place of Soviet Marshal Konstantin Rokossovsky. The Hero of the Soviet Union Alexander Matrosov is buried in this city. Modest Mussorgsky's memorial house, standing on the bank of a large picturesque lake, is within easy range of the town.

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