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Akan language

NativenameTwi, Fante
StatesGhana, Suriname
Speakers20 million
EthnicityAkan people
Fam2Atlantic Congo
Fam4Potou Tano
Fam6Central Tano
- Government-sponsored languages of Ghana
AgencyAkan Orthography Committee
Lc1fat|ld1=Fanti language
Lc2twi|ld2=Twi language|ll2=none

     Home | Language | Twi

Akan, also known as Twi -aktɕɥi and Fante, is an Akan language that is the principal native language of Ghana, spoken over much of the southern half of that country, by about 52% of the population, and to a lesser extent across the border in eastern Côte d'Ivoire. Three dialects have been developed as literary standards with distinct orthographies, Asante, Akuapem (together called Twi), and Fante, which despite being mutually intelligible were inaccessible in written form to speakers of the other standards. In 1978 the Akan Orthography Committee established a common orthography for all of Akan, which is used as the medium of instruction in primary school by speakers of several other Akan languages such as Anyi, Sefwi, Ahanta as well as the Guang languages.

The Akan people and those who have either lived around Akans or have absorbed Akan people into their population speak Kwa languages, of which Twi/Fante is just one. Twi Fante consists of the following dialects:

* Asante (Ashanti), which together with Akuapem is commonly called Twi

* Akuapem (Akwapem)

* Akyem

* Agona (commonly considered Fante)

* Kwahu

* Wassa

* Fante (Fanti or Mfantse:Anomabo, Abura, Gomua) - Spoken in east coastal Ghana.

* Brong - Spoken in west central Ghana and along the border in Côte d'Ivoire

The Bureau of Ghana Languages has compiled a unified orthography of 20,000 words.

The adinkra symbols are old ideograms.

The language came to the Caribbean and South America, notably in Suriname spoken by the Ndyuka and in Jamaica by the Jamaican Maroons known as Kromanti, with enslaved people from the region. The descendants of escaped slaves in the interior of Suriname and the Maroons in Jamaica still use a form of this language, including Akan naming convention, in which children are named after the day of the week on which they are born, e.g. Akwasi (for a boy) or Akosua (girl) born on a Sunday. In Jamaica and Suriname the Anansi spider stories are well known.

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Twilight vs. Star Trek: Which Fan Base Makes the Best Case? - E! Online Tweet this news
E! Online--Any Trekkie worth their Spock ears or -Twi--hard worthy their life-size cutout of Edward Cullen has already watched the now viral video of Star Trek's George Takei sounding off on the vampire franchise. Really, in our humble opinion, one i - Date : Tue, 13 Dec 2011 16:46:18 GMT
12 'Twilight' Cocktails Kristen Stewart Should Try Now That She's 21! - OK! Magazine Tweet this news
OK! Magazine--Since Kristen started filming Twilight, older -Twi--hard fans and -Twi--moms have been enjoying some Twilight-themed cocktails and now K-Stew can too. It seems only fitting that on Kristen's 21st birthday that she raise a glass to her T - Date : Sat, 09 Apr 2011 19:40:16 GMT+00:00
Titan International (TWI) Could Fall Through $26.50 Support Level - Market Intelligence Center Tweet this news
Market Intelligence Center--Titan International (NYSE:-TWI-) closed Tuesday's volatile trading session at $27.45. In the past year, the stock has hit a 52-week low of $9.25 and 52-week high of $27.65. Titan International stock has been showing suppor - Date : Wed, 06 Apr 2011 12:50:44 GMT+00:00
Titan International Inc (Illinois) (TWI) Upgraded by Zacks Investment Research ... - American Banking News Tweet this news
American Banking News--Equities research analysts at Zacks Investment Research upgraded shares of Titan International Inc (Illinois) (NYSE: -TWI-) from a “neutral” rating to an “outperform” rating in a research note to investors on Thursday. Separ - Date : Sat, 09 Apr 2011 15:11:06 GMT+00:00
Titan International Stock Hits New 52-Week High (TWI) - (blog) Tweet this news (blog)--By TheStreet Wire 04/01/11 - 10:31 AM EDT NEW YORK (TheStreet) -- Titan International (NYSE:-TWI-) hit a new 52-week high Friday as it traded at $27.27 compared with its previous 52-Week high of $26.67. Titan International is changin - Date : Fri, 01 Apr 2011 14:43:19 GMT+00:00
Does TWI Work for Native English Speakers? - Tweet this news'm currently in Mexico for spring break with several Evanston families whose children are enrolled in District 65's Two-Way Immersion (-TWI-) program (mine included). Today, I asked many of the kids, ages 6 to 13, how their exposure - Date : Wed, 06 Apr 2011 21:59:52 GMT+00:00
TITAN INTERNATIONAL TRADING HIGHER ON 1X ABOVE-AVERAGE VOLUME (TWI) - Tweet this news 30, 2011 (SmarTrend(R) News Watch via COMTEX) -- Shares of Titan International (NYSE:-TWI-) are trading up 2.4% to $25.84 today on above average volume. Approximately 883000 shares have traded hands today vs. average 30-day volume of 867000 - Date : Wed, 30 Mar 2011 19:11:58 GMT+00:00
Titan International Inc (Illinois) (TWI) Hits New 52-Week High at $24.64 - American Banking News Tweet this news
American Banking News--Shares of Titan International Inc (Illinois) (-TWI-) hit a new 52-week high on Friday. The stock traded as high as $24.64 during mid-day trading and last traded at $24.29. The stock previously closed at $24.01. On a related note, an - Date : Fri, 18 Mar 2011 17:06:05 GMT+00:00
Twi-babe R-Patz eaten by elephant?! - Tweet this news star R-Patz reveals an elephant carried him around in his teeth on set of his latest film, Water For Elephants! Twilight hottie Robert Pattinson is more than just a pretty face. The actor, who looked dapper in a grey suit and taupe - Date : Tue, 22 Mar 2011 10:40:47 GMT+00:00
Uma Thurman & Kids: Saturday In Paris - Celebrity Baby Scoop Tweet this news
Celebrity Baby Scoop--And it sounds like she's about to become a -Twi--mom - the actress recently gushed about her co-star to MTV. "Robert Pattinson is, I think, going to be a really serious actor," Uma said. "I think he&ap - Date : Sun, 27 Mar 2011 02:57:15 GMT+00:00

Consonants :
voiceless plosive /p/ [pʰ] ‹p› /t/ [tʰ, tçi] ‹t, ti› /k/ [kʰ, tɕʰi~cçʰi] ‹k, kyi› /kʷ/ [kʷ, tɕᶣi] ‹kw, twi›
voiced plosive /b/ [b] ‹b› /d/ [d] ‹d› /ɡ/ [ɡ, dʒ, dʑi~ɟʝi] ‹g, dw, gyi› /ɡʷ/ [ɡʷ, dʑᶣi] ‹gw, dwi›
fricative /f/ [f] ‹f› /s/ [s] ‹s› /h/ [h, çi] ‹h, hyi› /hʷ/ [hʷ, çᶣi] ‹hw, hwi›
nasal stop /m/ [m] ‹m› /n/ [n, ŋ, ɲ, ɲĩ] ‹n, ngi› /nʷ/ [ŋŋʷ, ɲᶣĩ] ‹nw, nu›
geminate nasal /nn/ [ŋː, ɲːĩ] ‹ng, nyi, nnyi› /nnʷ/ [ɲɲᶣĩ] ‹nw›
other /r/ [ɾ, r, ɽ] ‹r› /w/ [w, ɥi] ‹w, wi›

Vowels :
Orthog. +ATR −ATR
i /i̘/ [i̘]
e /e̘/ [e̘] /i/ [ɪ~e]
ɛ /e/ [ɛ]
a [æ~ɐ] /a/ [a]
ɔ /o/ [ɔ]
o /o̘/ [o̘] /u/ [ʊ~o]
u /u̘/ [u̘]

Languages of the African Union

WorkingArabic * English * French * Portuguese * Spanish * Swahili
TransnationalHausa * Somali * Yoruba * Igbo * Oromo * Kinyarwanda/Kirundi * Swati * Tswana * Sotho * Wolof * Kongo/Kituba * Kanuri * Fula * Chichewa * Lingala * Malagasy * Afrikaans * Shona * Tigrinya * Mòoré * Zulu
NationalAmharic * Sango

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