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Tunja

Tunja
Administration
Full nameTunja
Official nameTunja
Other namesantiago de tunja
CountryColombia
DepartmentBoyacá
ProvinceCentral Boyacá Province
FoundedAugust 6, 1539
EstablishedMarch 29, 1541
Government
TypeMunicipality
Mayor (Alcalde)Arturo Montejo
Geography
Total Area45.5 sq mi (118 km2)
Urban Area5 sq mi (13 km2)
Elevation9219.2 ft (2810 m)
Demography
Total Population152419 (2005)
Density (pop.)auto/km2 (0/sq mi)

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Tunja (-esˈtuŋxa) is a city and municipality located in the central part of Colombia, in the region of "Alto Chicomocha". As of the 2005 Census it had 152,419 inhabitants. It is capital of the Department of Boyacá and part of the subregion of the Central Boyacá Province. It is approximately 145 km from Bogotá, the capital of Colombia, and takes about 2 3 hours to reach by car or bus. Tunja is known for being a center for education and is home to many Colegios (high schools) and Universidades (Universities). Founded in 1539 it is more than 450 years years old, and in addition holds archeological treasures that predate the colonial era.

Tunja is a tourist destination. In addition to its religious and historical sites it is host to several internationally known festivals and is a jumping off point for regional tourist destinations such as Villa de Leyva, Paipa, and Sierra Nevada del Cocuy. It is also a stop on the Pan American Highway which connects Tunja to Bogota and Santa Marta and eventually to Northern and Southern most parts of the Americas.


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