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Full nameToulouse
Native nameTolosa
City mottoPer Tolosa totjorn mai.
(Occitan for "For Toulouse, always more")
Cantonchief town of 15 cantons
MayorPierre Cohen (PS) (since 2008)
Land Area45.7 sq mi (118.3 km2)
Total Population437715 (4th in France) (1 January 2006)
- Density9583/sq mi (3700/km2)
Urban Area311.9 sq mi (808 km2)
-- Population850,873 (1 January 2006)
Metro Area1549.8 sq mi (4015 km2)
Time zoneCET (GMT +1)

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Toulouse (pronounced -frtuluzFr-Toulouse.ogg in standard French and -frtuˈluzəFr-Toulouse-Accent, medieval Tholoza, is a city in southwest :France on the banks of the River Garonne, 590 km (366 mi) away from Paris and half-way between the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea. With 1,102,882 inhabitants as of 1 January 2006, the Toulouse metropolitan area is the fifth-largest in France, after Paris (11.8 million), Lyon (1.8 million), Marseille (1.7 million) and Lille (1.16 million)

Toulouse is one of the bases of the European aerospace industry, with the headquarters of Airbus, Galileo positioning system, the SPOT satellite system, and CNES's Toulouse Space Centre (CST), the largest space centre in Europe. Thales Alenia Space, Europe's largest satellite manufacturer, and Astrium Satellites, EADS's satellite system subsidiary, also have a significant presence in Toulouse. Its world renowned university is one of the oldest in Europe (founded in 1229) and, with more than 97,000 students, is with Lille the third-largest university campus of France after Paris and Lyon.

Toulouse was the capital of the former province of Languedoc (provinces were abolished during the French Revolution). It is now the Chef-lieu of the Midi-Pyrénées region, the largest region in metropolitan France. It is also the Chef-lieu of the Haute-Garonne department.

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