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Full nameState of Tocantins
Native name langpt
Settlement typeState
Capital and Largest CityPalmas
GovernorJosé Wilson Siqueira Campos
Total Area107161.7 sq mi (277620.91 km2)
Area rank10th
Total Population1383453 (24th) (2010 census)
Density (pop.)auto/km2 (22nd) (0/sq mi)
Year2006 estimate
TotalR$ 9,607,000,000 (24th)
Per capitaR$ 7,210 (17th)
Category0.756 - medium (15th)
Other information
Time zoneBRT (UTC-3)
- Summer (DST)BRST (UTC-2)
Postal Code77000-000 to 77990-000
ISO 3166 codeBR-TO

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Tocantins (-pttokɐ̃ˈtʃĩs) is one of the states of Brazil. (From: Tukã´, Toucan + , beak. lit. "Toucan's beak" in Tupi). The state was formed in 1988 out of the northern part of Goiás, and construction began on the capital, Palmas, in 1989, in contrast to most of the other cities in the state which date back to the Portuguese colonial period. It is the newest Brazilian state and, because it is still very young, it is developing slowly, building on its most important resources: the rivers Araguaia and Tocantins, the largest hydro basin entirely inside Brazilian territory. Because it is in the central zone of the country, it has characteristics of the Amazon, but also has open pastures. The Ilha do Bananal, in the southwest of the State, is the largest fluvial island in the world. Tocantins is also home to the Araguaia National Park and the Carajás Indian reservations. Another highlight is the Jalapão, about 250 kilometers from the capital, Palmas. There, the rivers create true oases in the dry landscape, attracting many ecotourists to the region.

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