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Thuringia

Thuringia
NameFree State of Thuringia
German NameFreistaat Thüringen
FlagFlag of Thuringia.svg
Flag2Flag of Thuringia.svg
State CoaCoat of arms of Thuringia.svg
CapitalErfurt
Area16171
Key16
Population2278136
Pop Date2008-09-30
GDP44.8
GDP Year2005
GDP Percent2
Websitethueringen.de
LeaderChristine Lieberknecht
Leader PartyCDU
Ruling Party1CDU
Ruling Party2SPD
Votes4
NUTSDEG
Iso RegionDE-TH
Latd50|latm=51|lats=40|longd=11|longm=3|longs=7
DateAugust 2010

Thuringia

Native NameHerzogtum (Landgrafschaft) Thüringen
Conventional Long NameDuchy (Landgraviate) of Thuringia
Common NameThuringia
ContinentEurope
Regiondad
CountryGermany
EraMiddle Ages
StatusVassal
Status TextPagan kingdom, Frankish duchy,
then State of the Holy Roman Empire
EmpireHoly Roman Empire
Government TypePrincipality
Year Start450
Year End1247
Event StartThuringian kingdom
established
Date Start
before
Event1Frankish invasion;
duchy established
Date Event1
632
Event2Landgraviate established
Date Event21130
Event EndComital line extinct
Event PostWar of the Thuringian
Succession
Date Post
1247 64
S1Landgraviate of Hesse
S2Margraviate of Meissen

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The Free State of Thuringia ( , -deˈfʁaɪʃtaːt ˈtyːʁɪŋənpron, c-enlangθjʊərˈrɪndʒiə) is a state of Germany, located in the central part of the country.

It has an area of 16171 km2 (6243.7 sqmi) and 2.29 million inhabitants, making it the sixth smallest by area and the fifth smallest by population of Germany's sixteen states.

Most of Thuringia is within the watershed of the Saale, a left tributary of the Elbe. Its capital is Erfurt.

Thuringia has been known by the nickname of "the green heart of Germany" (das grüne Herz Deutschlands) from the late 19th century, due to the dense forest that covers the terrain.

Thuringia is well known in Germany for nature and winter sports. It is home to the Rennsteig, Germany's most famous hiking trail, and the winter resort of Oberhof. Germany won more Winter Olympics gold medals than any other country in the last 20 years, and half of Germany's gold medals have been won by Thuringian athletes.


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