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Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle

Personal data
Date of birth21 July 1693
Place of birthLondon
Date of death17 November 1768(age 75)
Place of deathLincoln's Inn Fields, Camden, London
Political partyWhig
Alma materClare College, Cambridge
Prime Minister of Great Britain
In office2 July 1757 - 26 May 1762
MonarchGeorge II
George III
Succeeded byThe Earl of Bute
Preceded byThe Duke of Devonshire
In office16 March 1754 - 16 November 1756
MonarchGeorge II
Succeeded byThe Duke of Devonshire
Preceded byHenry Pelham

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Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne and 1st Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne, KG, PC (21 July 1693 17 November 1768) was a British Whig statesman, whose official life extended throughout the Whig supremacy of the 18th century. He is commonly known as the Duke of Newcastle.

A protégé of Sir Robert Walpole, he served under him for more than twenty years until 1742. He held power with his brother, Henry Pelham (the Prime Minister of Great Britain), until 1754. He had at this point served as a Secretary of State continuously for thirty years-dominating British foreign policy.

After Henry's death, the Duke would hold his late brother's position for six years (in two separate periods). While his first premiership was not particularly notable, Newcastle precipitated the Seven Years War, which would cause his resignation from his high position. After his second term as Prime Minister, he served for a short while in Lord Rockingham's ministry, before retiring from government.

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