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Full nameThessaloniki
Native nameΘεσσαλονίκη
Settlement typeCity
Periphery22px Central Macedonia
Peripheral unitThessaloniki
Founded315BC (January 1, -315(age 2331) years ago)
Incorporated1912 (26 10, 1912(age 103) years ago)
Urban Area43.1 sq mi (111.703 km2)
Metro Area561.9 sq mi (1455.62 km2)
Highest Elevation820.2 ft (250 m)
Lowest Elevation0 ft (0 m)
Urban (pop.)790824
Metro (pop.)1006730
Other information
Time zoneEET (UTC+2)
- Summer (DST)EEST (UTC+3)
Postal codes53xxx, 54xxx, 55xxx, 56xxx
Area code231-xxx-xxxx
Vehicle registrationNAx-xxxx to NXx-xxxx
Patron saintSaint Demetrius (26 October)

     Home | City | Thessaloniki

Thessaloniki ( -elθesaloˈniciThessaloniki, historically also known as Thessalonica, Salonika or Salonica, is the second-largest city in Greece and the capital of the periphery of Central Macedonia as well as the capital of the Decentralized Administration of Macedonia and Thrace. Its honorific title is Συμπρωτεύουσα (Symprotévousa), literally "co-capital", a reference to its historical status as the Συμβασιλεύουσα (Symvasilévousa) or "co-reigning" city of the Byzantine Empire, alongside Constantinople.

According to the 2011 census the municipality of Thessaloniki today has a population of 322,240, while the Thessaloniki Urban Area (the contiguous built up area forming the "City of Thessaloniki") has a population of 790,824; making it the fifth largest and most populated city in the Balkans and the second most populated city that is not a capital. The Thessaloniki Metropolitan Area extends over an area of 1455.62 km2 (1455620000 m2) and its population in 2011 reached a total of 1,006,730 inhabitants.

Thessaloniki is Greece's second major economic, industrial, commercial and political centre, and a major transportation hub for the rest of southeastern Europe; its commercial port is also of great importance for Greece and the southeastern European hinterland. The city is renowned for its festivals, events and vibrant cultural life in general, and is considered to be Greece's cultural capital. Events such as the Thessaloniki International Trade Fair and the Thessaloniki International Film Festival are held annually, while the city also hosts the largest bi-annual meeting of the Greek diaspora.

Thessaloniki is home to numerous notable Byzantine monuments, including the Paleochristian and Byzantine monuments of Thessaloniki, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, as well as several Roman, Ottoman and Sephardic Jewish structures. With a history of over 2,300 years, it is one of Europe's oldest cities. The city's main university, Aristotle University, is the largest in Greece and in the Balkans.

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