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Tel Aviv

Tel Aviv
Full nameTel Aviv
Native name 
Settlement typeCity
DistrictTel Aviv
Metropolitan AreaGush Dan
Founded11 April 1909
BodyTel Aviv municipality
MayorRon Huldai
Total Area19.8 sq mi (51.4 km2)
Urban Area67.9 sq mi (176 km2)
Metro Area585.2 sq mi (1516 km2)
Elevation16.4 ft (5 m)
Total Population404400 (2nd in Israel) (2010)
Density (pop.)7867.7/km2 (12th in Israel) (20377.3/sq mi)
Urban (pop.)1284400
Metro (pop.)3325700
DemonymTel Avivi
Other information
Time zoneIST (UTC+2)
- Summer (DST)IDT (UTC+3)
Postal code61999
Area code+972 (Israel) 3 (City)

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Tel Aviv (c-enlangpronˌtɛl_əˈviːv), officially Tel Aviv-Yafo, sometimes Tel Aviv-Jaffa ( , -hetel ʔäˈviv ˈjäfo; ), is the second most populous city in Israel, with a population of 404,400 on a land area of 51.4 km2 (19.8 sqmi). The city is located on the Israeli Mediterranean coastline in west-central Israel. It is the largest and most populous city in the metropolitan area of Gush Dan, with a population of 3.3 million residents as of 2010. The city is governed by the Tel Aviv-Yafo municipality, headed by Ron Huldai. Residents of Tel Aviv are referred to as Tel Avivim.

Tel Aviv was founded in 1909 by the Jewish Community of Jaffa ( , Yafo; , Yaffa), on the outskirts of the ancient port city. The growth of Tel Aviv soon outpaced Jaffa, which had a majority Arab population at the time. Tel Aviv and Jaffa were merged into a single municipality in 1950, two years after the establishment of the State of Israel. Tel Aviv's White City, designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2003, comprises the world's largest concentration of Bauhaus buildings.

Tel Aviv is a beta+ world city, alongside cities such as Barcelona and San Francisco.

Known as "The City That Never Sleeps", it is a popular tourism destination on the Mediterranean, with 2.7 million international visitors annually. It is renowned for its 24-hour culture, beaches, bars, restaurants, cafés, parks, shopping, cosmopolitan lifestyle, and landmark neighborhoods such as Old Jaffa and Neve Tzedek. Tel Aviv is an economic hub, home to the Tel Aviv Stock Exchange, corporate offices and research and development centers. It is the country's financial capital and a major performing arts and business center. Tel Aviv has the second-largest economy in the Middle East, and is the 19th most expensive city in the world.

In 2007, New York City-based David Kaufman named it the "Mediterranean's New Capital of Cool". In 2010, Knight Franks world city survey ranked it 34th globally. Tel Aviv has been named the third "hottest city for 2011" (behind only New York City and Tangier) by Lonely Planet, third-best in the Middle East and Africa by Travel + Leisure magazine (behind only Cape Town and Jerusalem), and the ninth-best beach city in the world by National Geographic.

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