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Full nameTartu
Settlement typeCity
MottoHeade mõtete linn (city of good thoughts)
CountyTartu County
First settled5th century AD
First mentioned1030
City rightsbefore 1262
Named forTaara or tarvas (Aurochs)
MayorUrmas Kruuse
Total Area15 sq mi (38.9 km2)
Land Area14.6 sq mi (37.8 km2)
Water Area0.5 sq mi (1.3 km2)
Elevation188 ft (57.3 m)
Highest Elevation259 ft (78.9 m)
Total Population103284 (2010)
Density (pop.)2537.3/km2 (6573.4/sq mi)
Other information
Time zoneEET (UTC+2)
- Summer (DST)EEST (UTC+3)

     Home | City | Tartu

Tartu is the second largest city of Estonia. In contrast to Estonia's political and financial capital Tallinn, Tartu is often considered the intellectual and cultural hub, especially since it is home to Estonia's oldest and most renowned university. Situated 186 km southeast of Tallinn, the city is the centre of southern Estonia. The Emajõgi river, which connects the two largest lakes of Estonia, crosses Tartu. The city is served by Tartu Airport.

Historical names of the town include Tarbatu, an Estonian fortress founded in the 5th century, Yuryev ( ) named c. 1030 by Yaroslav I the Wise, and Dorpat as first known by the German crusaders in the 13th century.

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