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Tanuma Okitsugu

Tanuma Okitsugu
Personal data
Date of birthSeptember 11, 1719
Place of birthEdo, Japan
Date of deathAugust 25, 1788(age 68)
Place of deathEdo, Japan
NationalityJapanese
Lord of Sagara
In office1767 - 1786
Succeeded byTanuma Okiaki
Preceded byHonda Tadanaka

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(September 11, 1719, Edo, Japan - August 25, 1788, Edo) was a rōjū (senior counselor) of the Tokugawa shogunate who introduced monetary reform. He was also a daimyo, and ruled the Sagara han. He used the title Tonomo-no-kami.

His regime is often identified with rampant corruption and huge inflation of currency. In Tenmei 4 (1784), Okitsugu's son, the wakadoshiyori (junior counselor) Tanuma Okitomo, was assassinated inside Edo Castle. Okitomo was killed in front of his father as both were returning to their norimono after a meeting of the Counselors of State had broken up. Okitomo was killed by Sano Masakoto, a hatamoto. The involvement of senior figures in the bakufu was suspected, but only the assassin himself was punished. The result was that the Tanuma-initiated, liberalizing reforms within the bakufu and the relaxation of the strictures of sakoku were blocked.


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