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Stjepan Mesić

Personal data
Date of birth24 December 1934(age 82)
Place of birthOrahovica, Kingdom of Yugoslavia
(now Croatia)
Political partyNone - Croatian president cannot be a member of political party
Other partyLeague of Communists of Croatia (1955 1990)
Croatian Democratic Union (1990 1994)
Croatian Independent Democrats (1994 1997)
Croatian People's Party (1997 2000)
SpouseMilka Dudundić
Alma materUniversity of Zagreb
ProfessionLawyer
ReligionAtheist
2nd President of Croatia
In office19 February 2000 - 19 February 2010
Prime ministerIvica Račan
Ivo Sanader
Jadranka Kosor
Succeeded byIvo Josipović
Preceded byZlatko Tomčić (Acting)
14th President of the Presidency of Yugoslavia
In office30 June 1991 - 6 December 1991
Prime ministerAnte Marković
Succeeded byBranko Kostić (acting)
Preceded bySejdo Bajramović (acting)
1st Prime Minister of Croatia
In office30 May 1990 - 24 August 1990
PresidentFranjo Tuđman
Succeeded byJosip Manolić
Preceded byAntun Milović (as President of the Executive Council)
2nd Speaker of Parliament
In office7 September 1992 - 24 May 1994
Succeeded byNedjeljko Mihanović
Preceded byŽarko Domljan
13th Secretary General of Non-Aligned Movement
In office30 June 1991 - 6 December 1991
Succeeded byBranko Kostić
Preceded byBorisav Jović

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Stjepan "Stipe" Mesić (-hrstjɛ̂paːn mɛ̌ːsit͡ɕpron; born 24 December 1934) is a Croatian politician and former President of Croatia. Before his ten-year presidential term between 2000 and 2010 he held the posts of Speaker of the Croatian Parliament (1992 1994), Prime Minister of Croatia (1990), the last President of Yugoslavia (1991), Secretary General of the Non-Aligned Movement (1991), a judge in Našice and mayor of his home town of Orahovica.

Mesić was a deputy in the Croatian Parliament in the 1960s, and was then absent from politics until 1990 when he joined the Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ), and was named Prime Minister after HDZ won the elections. He was appointed to serve as SR Croatia's member of the Yugoslav Federal Presidency where he served first as Vice President and then in 1991 as the last President of Yugoslavia before Yugoslavia dissolved.

Following the breakup of Yugoslavia, Mesić served as Speaker of the Croatian Parliament from 1992 to 1994, when he left HDZ. With several other members of parliament, he formed a new party called Croatian Independent Democrats (HND). In 1997 the majority of HND members, including Mesić, merged into the Croatian People's Party (HNS).

After Franjo Tuđman had died in December 1999 Mesić won the elections to become the next President of Croatia in February 2000. He was re-elected in January 2005 for a second four-year term. In contrast to Tuđman, Mesić had often topped the polls for the most popular politician in Croatia.


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