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Sterlitamak

En NameSterlitamak
Ru NameСтерлитамак
Loc Name1Стәрлетамаk
Loc Lang1Bashkir
Other NameСтәрлетамак
Other LangTatar
Image SkylineЗемская Управа Стерлитамак.jpg
Image CaptionCity Hall building
Latd53
Latm38
Longd55
Longm57
Map Label Positionleft
Image CoaCoat of Arms of Sterlitamak (Bashkortostan).png
Image FlagFlag of Sterlitamak (Bashkortostan).png
Federal SubjectRepublic of Bashkortostan
Inhabloc CatCity
Urban Okrug JurSterlitamak Urban Okrug
Leader TitleHead
Leader NameVakhit Abdrakhimov
Representative BodyCity Duma
Area Km2259
Pop 2010census273432
Pop 2010census Rank66th
Pop 2002census264362
Pop 2002census Rank71st
Established Date1766
Postal Codes453100
Dialing Codes3473
DateMay 2010

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Sterlitamak ( ; ) is the second largest city in the Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia, located on the left bank of the Belaya River (Kama's tributary), 121 km from Ufa. The city's name comes from the Bashkir language and literally means "mouth of the river Sterlya". Population:

Sterlitamak was founded in 1766 as a port for the distribution of salt mined up the river. Today it is an important center of chemical production.Sterlitamak was granted town status in 1781 and grew rapidly during the industrialization in the late 19th century. At the time, local landowners established beer brewing, vodka distilling, and leather working industries. Sterlitamak was briefly the capital of the Bashkir Autonomous Republic after the revolution, but the capital was moved to Ufa in 1922. During World War II, several factories from the western Soviet Union were evacuated to Sterlitamak, further enlarging the city.


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