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St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador

Administration
Full nameSt. John's
Official nameCity of St. John's
Settlement typeCity
MottoAvancez (French: "Go forward")
CountryCanada
Province 
Census division1
Founded24 June 1497
Established5 August 1583 by Royal Charter of Queen Elizabeth I
Government
TypeCity Council
MayorDennis O'Keefe
Governing bodySt. John's City Council
MPsList of MPs
Jack Harris
Ryan Cleary
MHAsList of MHAs
Ed Buckingham
John Dinn
Kathy Dunderdale
Keith Hutchings
Lorraine Michael
Sheila Osborne
Tom Osborne
Kevin Parsons
Bob Ridgley
Shawn Skinner
Geography
Total Area172.2 sq mi (446 km2)
Urban Area70.5 sq mi (182.62 km2)
Metro Area310.7 sq mi (804.7 km2)
Elevation0 ft (Sea Level 0 147 m)
Demography
Total Population100646 (2006 census)
Density (pop.)222.3/km2 (576.0/sq mi)
Urban (pop.)151322
Metro (pop.)181113
DemonymTownie
Other information
Time zoneNST (UTC-3:30)
- Summer (DST)NDT (UTC-2:30)
Area code709
NTS Map001N10
GNBC CodeABEFS

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St. John's c-eniconˌseɪntˈdʒɒnz is the capital and largest city in Newfoundland and Labrador, and is the oldest English-founded city in North America. It is located on the eastern tip of the Avalon Peninsula on the island of Newfoundland. With a population of 192,326 as of July 1, 2010, the St. John's Metropolitan Area is the second largest Census Metropolitan Area (CMA) in Atlantic Canada after Halifax and the 20th largest metropolitan area in Canada. Its name has been attributed to the feast day of John the Baptist, when John Cabot was believed to have sailed into the harbour in 1497, and also to a Basque fishing town with the same name.

Newfoundland was claimed as an English colony in the name of Elizabeth I in 1583, temporarily captured by the Dutch in 1665, and attacked three times by the French who captured and destroyed its settlements in 1689 and 1707. St John's was retaken each time and re-fortified. British forces used St. John's fortifications during the Seven Years' War in North America, the American Revolutionary War and the War of 1812. St. John's served Allied needs in World War ll by providing an air base for the US Army Air Corps and a harbour for antisubmarine warfare ships.

St. John's, and the province as a whole, was gravely affected in the 1990s by the collapse of the Northern cod fishery, which had been the driving force of the provincial economy for hundreds of years. After a decade of high unemployment rates and depopulation the city's proximity to the Hibernia, Terra Nova and White Rose oil fields has led to an economic boom that has spurred population growth and commercial development. As a result, the St. John's area now accounts for about half of the province's economic output.


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