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Southern Ireland

Southern Ireland
Conventional Long NameSouthern Ireland
Deisceart Éireann
Common NameIreland
RegionBritish Isles
SubdivisionAutonomous region
Nationthe UK
Year Start1921
Year End1922
Date Start3 May
Date End6 December
Event StartEstablishment
Event EndAnglo-Irish Treaty
P1United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
Flag P1Flag of the United Kingdom.svg
S1Irish Free State
Flag S1Flag of Ireland.svg
Image Map CaptionSouthern Ireland
Common LanguagesEnglish, Irish
Government TypeConstitutional monarchy
Title LeaderMonarch
Leader1George V
Title DeputyChairman
Deputy1Michael Collins
Year Deputy1First
Deputy2W. T. Cosgrave
Year Deputy2Last
CurrencyPound sterling
House2House of Commons

     Home | Former Subdivision | Southern Ireland

Southern Ireland ( ) was a short-lived autonomous region of the United Kingdom established on 3 May 1921 and dissolved on 6 December 1922.

Southern Ireland was established under the Government of Ireland Act 1920 together with its sister region, Northern Ireland. It was envisaged that Southern Ireland would have the following institutions:

* a Parliament of Southern Ireland, consisting of the King, the Senate of Southern Ireland, and the House of Commons of Southern Ireland;

* a Government of Southern Ireland;

* the Supreme Court of Judicature of Southern Ireland;

* the Court of Appeal in Southern Ireland; and

* His Majesty's High Court of Justice in Southern Ireland.

It was also envisaged that Southern Ireland would share the following institutions with Northern Ireland:

* the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland;

* a Council of Ireland; and

* a High Court of Appeal for Ireland.

The Parliament, although legally established, never functioned (for example, it never passed an Act). The House of Commons of Southern Ireland met just once with only four members present. No Government of Southern Ireland was ever established either. The Council of Ireland was to be established "[w]ith a view to the eventual establishment of a Parliament for the whole of Ireland", but it never came into being. The notable exception to the failure of the institutions of Southern Ireland was its courts, all of which functioned.

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Coin Update News--The newly launched series highlights the images of animals that have appeared on the nation's coins since -Ireland's- independence in 1921. ... - Date : Wed, 20 Oct 2010 19:32:33 GMT+00:00
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Irish Times--“A fair proportion of the illness we experience in -Ireland- is diet and lifestyle related and is preventable. Safe, wholesome food is fundamental to human ... - Date : Wed, 20 Oct 2010 23:23:46 GMT+00:00
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San Francisco Chronicle--We also did Billy Roche's 'The Wexford Trilogy,' about -Southern Ireland-. So we've done three. That seems to be the magic number." The 30-year-old Tricycle ... - Date : Wed, 20 Oct 2010 21:43:10 GMT+00:00

Irish states since 1171

Medieval periodGaelic Ireland (until 1607) * Lordship of Ireland (1171 1541) |
Modern periodKingdom of Ireland (1541 1801) * United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (1801 1922 ) |
Twentieth centuryIrish Free State (1922 37) |
Notable declared statesRepublic of Connaught (1798) * Irish Republic (1919 22) * Munster Republic (1922) |
See alsoConfederate Ireland (1642 53) * Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland (1649 60) * Northern Ireland (1921 72) * Southern Ireland (1921 22) |

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