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Full nameSofia
Official nameSofia
Native nameСофия
MottoРасте, но не старее
(Grows but Does not Age)
Settled by Thraciansas Serdica 7th century BC
Mayor of SofiaYordanka Fandakova
Total Area519.2 sq mi (1345 km2)
Elevation1804.5 ft (550 m)
Total Population1270284 (Census 2011 (City and Urban),
Forecast 2011 (Metro))
Density (pop.)944/km2 (2445/sq mi)
Urban (pop.)1291591
Metro (pop.)1,370,000 (Metro area)
1,490,000 (Metro region)
Other information
Time zoneEET (UTC+2)
- Summer (DST)EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code1000
Area code(+359) 02

     Home | City | Sofia

Sofia ( , Sofiya, -mkˈsɔfijɐpronSofia is the capital and largest city of Bulgaria and the 12th largest city in the European Union with a population of 1.27 million people. It is located in western Bulgaria, at the foot of Mount Vitosha and is ranked as a Beta- world city.

Prehistoric settlements were excavated in the centre of the present city, near the royal palace, as well as in outer districts such as Slatina and Obelya. The well-preserved town walls (especially their substructures) from antiquity date back before the 7th century BC, when Thracians established their city next to the most important and highly respected mineral spring, still functioning today. Sofia has had several names in the different periods of its existence, and remnants from the city's past can still be seen today alongside modern landmarks.

Many of the major universities, institutions, and businesses of Bulgaria are concentrated in Sofia. It is also a center of media, cultural events, modern theaters, it is a home of research institutes, sporting events, orchestras, and museums. IT industry sector is gradually growing in Sofia, together with the increasing number of events in contemporary arts, festivals, etc.

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