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Shimla

Administration
Native ameShimla
Other name 
Typecapital
StateHimachal Pradesh
DistrictShimla
Government
Municipal CommissionerA.N. Sharma IPS
MayorMadhu Sood (INC)
Geography
Total Area9.7 sq mi (25 km2)
Altitude2205 m
Demography
Total Population1042161 (2005)
Density (pop.)120/km2 (310.8/sq mi)
Official languagesHindi
Other information
Time zoneIST (UTC+5:30)
Pincode171 001
Telephone91 177 XXX XXXX
VehicleHP-03, HP-51, HP-52

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Shimla ( -hnsˈʃɪmlaːShimla, formerly known as Simla, is the capital city of Himachal Pradesh. In 1864, Shimla was declared the summer capital of the British Raj in India. A popular tourist destination, Shimla is often referred to as the "Queen of Hills," a term coined by the British. Located in the north-west Himalayas at an average altitude of 2205 m (7234.3 ft), the city of Shimla, draped in forests of pine, rhododendron, and oak, experiences pleasant summers and cold, snowy winters. The city is famous for its buildings styled in tudorbethan and neo-gothic architecture dating from the colonial era. Shimla is connected to the city of Kalka by one of the longest narrow gauge railway routes still operating in India, the Kalka-Shimla Railway. Shimla is approximately 100 km (62.1 mi) from Chandigarh, the nearest major city, and 365 km (226.8 mi) from New Delhi, the national capital.

The city is named after the goddess Shyamala Devi, an incarnation of the Hindu Goddess Kali.


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