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São Paulo (state)

Sao Paulo (state)
Full nameState of São Paulo
Native name langpt
Settlement typeState
MottoPro Brasilia Fiant Eximia (Latin)
"Let great things be done for Brazil"
AnthemBandeirantes Anthem
Capital and Largest CitySão Paulo
GovernorGeraldo Alckmin
Vice GovernorGuilherme Afif Domingos
Total Area95808.8 sq mi (248209.4 km2)
Area rank12th
Total Population41252160 (1st) (2010 census)
Density (pop.)auto/km2 (3rd) (0/sq mi)
Year2008 (IBGE)
TotalR$ 1,003,016,000,000 (1st)
Per capitaR$ 24,456 (2nd)
Category0.833 high (3rd)
Other information
Time zoneBRT (UTC-3)
- Summer (DST)BRST (UTC-2)
Postal Code01000-000 to 19990-000
ISO 3166 codeBR-SP

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São Paulo (-ptsɐ̃w ˈpawlu-Br-SaoPaulo is a state in Brazil. It is the major industrial and economic powerhouse of the Brazilian economy. Named after Saint Paul, São Paulo has the largest population, industrial park and economic production of the country. It is the richest state in Brazil. The capital, São Paulo, is also the largest city in South America.

Often dubbed the "locomotive of Brazil", the state alone is responsible for 33.9% of the Brazilian GDP, being the state with the highest GDP. In addition to increased GDP, São Paulo also has the third highest Human Development Index, the second highest GDP per capita, the second lowest infant mortality rate and the fourth lowest rate of illiteracy among the states of Brazil.

With over 40 million inhabitants, São Paulo is the most populous state in Brazil and the third most populous political unit of South America, only surpassed by that country and Colombia, ahead of all other South American countries. Sao Paulo's capital city is the seventh largest city on the planet and its metropolitan area, with 19,223,897 inhabitants, is also the 7th biggest in the world.

Regions near the city of São Paulo are also metropolitan areas, such as Campinas, Santos, Sorocaba and São José dos Campos; other nearby cities include urban areas in the conurbation process, such as Santo André, São Bernardo, São Caetano, Diadema, Guarulhos, Osasco, Taboão da Serra and Jundiaí. The total population of these areas coupled with the capital the so-called Expanded Metropolitan Complex exceeds 29 million inhabitants, approximately 75% of the population of São Paulo state-wide. The metropolitan regions of Campinas and São Paulo now form the first macro-metropolis in the southern hemisphere, joining 65 municipalities that together are home to 12% of the Brazilian population.

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