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Bogotá

Santa Fe de Bogota
Administration
Full nameBogotá, D.C.
Official nameBogotá Distrito Capital
Settlement typeCity
MottoColpatria at Night.jpg
CountryColombia
DepartmentDistrito Capital
Foundation6 August 1538 (traditional)
Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada
Government
MayorClara López Obregón (Interim) Samuel Moreno Rojas (PDA)
Geography
Total Area612.6 sq mi (1587 km2)
Elevation8612.2 ft (2625 m)
Demography
Total Population7434453 (Ranked 1st) (2011 estimate)
Density (pop.)auto/km2 (0/sq mi)
Metro (pop.)9600000
DemonymBogotano
Other information
HDI (2006)0.880 high

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Bogotá, Distrito Capital (-esboɣoˈta-Bogotá, from 1991 to 2000 called Santa Fé de Bogotá, is the capital, and largest city, of Colombia. It is also designated by the national constitution as the capital of the department of Cundinamarca, even though the city of Bogotá now comprises an independent Capital district and no longer belongs administratively to that department. Bogotá is the most populous city in the country, with an estimated 7,304,384 inhabitants as of 2009. Bogotá and its metropolitan area, which includes municipalities such as Chía, Cota, Soacha, Cajicá and La Calera, had an estimated population of 8,566,926 in 2009.

In terms of land area, Bogotá is the largest city in Colombia, and one of the biggest of Latin America. It figures amongst the thirty largest cities of the world and it is the third-highest capital city in South America (after La Paz and Quito) at 2625 m (8612.2 ft) above sea level. With its many universities and libraries, Bogotá has become known as "The Athens of South America". Bogotá owns the largest moorland of the world, which is located in the Sumapaz Locality. The city ranked 54th in the 2010 Global Cities Index and is listed as global city of the Beta+ kind by the GaWC.


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