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San Salvador

San Salvador
Full nameSan Salvador
Official nameSan Salvador
MottoNuestra Capital (Our Capital) - 2011 Ibero-American Capital of Culture
CountryEl SalvadorEl Salvador
DepartmentSan Salvador Department
TypeDemocratic Republic
MayorNorman Quijano (Alianza Republicana Nacionalista)
Total Area27.9 sq mi (72.3 km2)
Metro Area239.7 sq mi (620.8 km2)
Elevation2158.8 ft (658 m)
Total Population540898 (2009 Census)
Density (pop.)7484.5/km2 (19389.9/sq mi)
Urban (pop.)540,898 (Municipality)
Metro (pop.)2290790
Other information
Time zoneCentral Standard Time (UTC-6)
Area code+ 503

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The City of San Salvador is a Gamma World City in addition to being the capital and largest city of El Salvador. Its complete name is La Ciudad de Gran San Salvador (The City of the Great Holy Savior). It lies upon a seismic valley in northern Central America, surrounded with volcanoes and prone to earthquakes, which is why the Pipil and the Spaniards called the area in which the city is now settled "El Valle de las Hamacas" (The Valley of the Hammocks) "Salcoatitan" in Pipil language, due to its constant seismic activity. Its city proper has the third largest population in Central America after Guatemala City and Managua. The city has a long history, with origins dating back to the Spanish conquest of the Pipil city of Cuzcatlán which means "The Place of the Diamond Jewels". The name of the city San Salvador means "Holy Savior" in Spanish. People of San Salvador are called Capitalinos.

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