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San Jose, California

San Jose California
Administration
Full nameSan Jose
Official nameEl Pueblo de San José de Guadalupe
Settlement typeCity
MottoThe Capital of Silicon Valley
CountryUnited States
StateCalifornia
CountySanta Clara
Pueblo foundedNovember 29, 1777
IncorporatedMarch 27, 1850
Government
TypeCharter city, Council-manager
MayorChuck Reed
Vice MayorMadison Nguyen
City ManagerDebra Figone
SenateList of Senators
Ellen Corbett
Joe Simitian
Elaine Alquist
Sam Blakeslee
AssemblyAssembly List
Rich Gordon
Sally J. Lieber
Nora Campos
Jim Beall
Anna M. Caballero
U.S. House of RepresentativesList of Congressional Members
Anna Eshoo
Mike Honda
Zoe Lofgren
Geography
Total Area179.965 sq mi (466.1 km2)
Land Area176.526 sq mi (457.2 km2)
Water Area3.439 sq mi (8.9 km2)
Urban Area447.82 sq mi (1159.9 km2)
Metro Area8818 sq mi (22838.6 km2)
Elevation85 ft (25.9 m)
Demography
Total Population945942 (1st in Santa Clara County
3rd in California
10th in the United States) (2010)
Urban (pop.)7468390
Metro (pop.)1975342
DemonymSan Josean
Other information
Time zonePST (UTC−8)
- Summer (DST)PDT (UTC−7)
ZIP code95101 95103, 95106, 95108 95139, 95118, 95141, 95142, 95148, 95150 95161, 95164, 95170 95173, 95190 95194, 95196
Area code408, 669
FIPS code06-68000
GNIS feature ID1654952

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San Jose or San José (c-eniconˌsæn_hoʊˈzeɪ; Spanish: St. Joseph) is the third-largest city in California, the tenth-largest in the U.S., and the county seat of Santa Clara County which is located at the southern end of San Francisco Bay. The San Jose/Silicon Valley area is a major component of the greater San Francisco Bay Area, a region of 7.5 million people and the sixth largest metropolitan area (CSA) in the United States.

San Jose was founded on November 29, 1777, as El Pueblo de San José de Guadalupe, the first town in the Spanish colony of Nueva California, which later became Alta California. The city served as a farming community to support Spanish military installations at San Francisco and Monterey. When California gained statehood in 1850, San Jose served as its first capital.

After more than 150 years as a small farming city, San Jose and the surrounding Santa Clara Valley became the last (and largest) contiguous area of undeveloped land surrounding the San Francisco Bay. San Jose experienced increased demand for housing from soldiers and veterans returning from World War II. San Jose then continued its aggressive expansion during the 1950s and 1960s by annexing more land area. The rapid growth of the high-technology and electronics industries further accelerated the transition from an agricultural center, to an urbanized metropolitan area.

By the 1990s, San Jose's location within the booming local technology industry earned the city its nickname, Capital of Silicon Valley. San Jose now maintains global city status and is the largest city in the San Francisco Bay Area in terms of population, land area, and industrial development. The U.S. Census Bureau reported the population of the city to be 945,942 as of the 2010 Census.


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