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Samara, Russia

Russian locality
Local nameСамара
Federal subjectSamara Oblast
Administrative center ofSamara Oblast
Municipal status
MayorDmitry Azarov
Representative bodySamara City Council
Area km2465.97
Custom SDFounded (1586)
Postal code443XXX
Dialing code846

     Home | City | Samara Russia

Samara ( ), called Kuybyshev ( ) from 1935 to 1990, is the sixth largest city in Russia. It is situated in the southeastern part of European Russia, the Volga Federal District, at the confluence of the Volga and Samara Rivers. Samara is also the administrative center of Samara Oblast. Population: . The metropolitan area of Samara-Tolyatti-Syzran within Samara Oblast constitutes the population of more than 3.0 million people. Formerly a closed city, Samara is now a large and important social, political, economic, industrial and cultural center of European Russia, which in May 2007 played host to the European Union-Russia Summit.

Samara is located on the east bank of the Volga river, which acts as its western boundary; across the river are the Zhiguli Mountains, after which the local Zhiguli (Zhigulyovskoye) beer is named. Its northern boundary is formed by the Sokolyi Hills ( ) and by the steppes in the south and east. The land within the city boundaries covers 46,597 ha. Samara has a continental climate characterized by hot summers and cold winters.

The life of Samara's citizens has always been intrinsically linked to the Volga river, which has not only served as the main commercial thoroughfare of Russia throughout several centuries, but also has great visual appeal. Samara's river-front is one of the favorite recreation places for local citizens and tourists. After the Soviet novelist Vasily Aksyonov visited Samara, he remarked: "I am not sure where in the West one can find such a long and beautiful embankment. Possibly only around Lake Geneva".

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