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Saints Cyril and Methodius

"Saints Cyril and Methodius holding the Cyrillic alphabet," a mural by Bulgarian icon-painter Z. Zograf, 1848, Troyan Monastery
Personal information
NameSaints Cyril and Methodius
TitlesBishops and Confessors; Equals to the Apostles; Patrons of Europe; Apostles to the Slavs
Birth date826 or 827 and 815
Birth placeThessaloniki, Byzantine Empire (present-day Greece)
Death date14 February 869(age 869) and 6 April 885(age 885)
Venerated inOrthodox Church
Roman Catholic Church
Anglican Communion
Lutheran Church
Feast11 and 24 May (Orthodox Church)
14 February (present Roman Catholic calendar); 5 July (Roman Catholic calendar 1880 1886); 7 July (Roman Catholic calendar 1887 1969)
5 July (Roman Catholic Czech Republic and Slovakia)
Attributesbrothers depicted together; Eastern bishops holding up a church; Eastern bishops holding an icon of the Last Judgment Often, Cyril is depicted wearing a monastic habit and Methodius vested as a bishop with omophorion.
PatronageEcumenism for unity of the Orthodox with the Roman Catholic Church in its type before 1054
Bulgaria, Republic of Macedonia, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Europe

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Saints Cyril and Methodius ( , Old Church Slavonic: ) were two Byzantine Greek brothers born in Thessaloniki in the 9th century. They became missionaries of Christianity among the Slavic peoples of Bulgaria, Great Moravia and Pannonia. Through their work they influenced the cultural development of all Slavs, for which they received the title "Apostles to the Slavs". They are credited with devising the Glagolitic alphabet, the first alphabet used to transcribe Old Church Slavonic. After their deaths, their pupils continued their missionary work among other Slavs. Both brothers are venerated in the Orthodox Church as saints with the title of "equal-to-apostles". In 1880, Pope Leo XIII introduced their feast into the calendar of the Roman Catholic Church. In 1980, Pope John Paul II declared them co-patron saints of Europe, together with Benedict of Nursia.


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