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Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
General information
Common nameSaint Vincent and the Grenadines
NameSaint Vincent and the Grenadines
MottoPax et justitia (Latin)
"Peace and justice"
Anthem"Saint Vincent Land so Beautiful"
Largest citycapital
Official languagesEnglish
GovernmentParliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy
MonarchElizabeth II
Governor-GeneralSir Frederick Ballantyne
Prime MinisterRalph Gonsalves
from the United Kingdom27 October 1979
Total Area150 sq mi (388.5 km2) (198th)
Water %negligible
Population Est.120000 (182nd)
Density (pop.)305.7/km2 (39th) (792/sq mi)
GDP PPP$1.069 billion (2009)
GDP (PPP) per capita$9,976
GDP (nominal)$567 million (2009)
GDP (nominal) per capita$5,291
Other information
HDI(+) 0.772 (2007) (medium) (91st)
CurrencyEast Caribbean dollar (XCD)
Drives on theleft
Calling code+1-784

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Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (c-enaudio=En-us-Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is an island country in the Lesser Antilles chain, namely in the southern portion of the Windward Islands, which lie at the southern end of the eastern border of the Caribbean Sea where the latter meets the Atlantic Ocean. Its 389 km2 (150.2 sqmi) territory consists of the main island of Saint Vincent and the northern two-thirds of the Grenadines, which are a chain of smaller islands stretching south from Saint Vincent Island to Grenada. To the north of Saint Vincent lies Saint Lucia, to the east Barbados. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is densely populated (over 300 inhabitants/km2) with its 120,000 people. Its capital is Kingstown, also its main port. The country has a French and British colonial history and is now part of the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States, CARICOM, the Commonwealth of Nations and the Bolivarian Alliance for the Americas.

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