AskBiography Logo   Latest News  Follow Us on Twitter  Follow Us on Google Buzz  Became Fan - Facebook  Subscribe to RSSRSS   Bookmark and Share

Saint Petersburg

Saint Petersburg
En NameSaint Petersburg
Ru NameСанкт-Петербург
Image SkylineSpb collage.JPG
Image Size300px
Image CaptionClockwise from top left: Saint Isaac's Cathedral rises over the city, Peter and Paul Fortress on Zayachy Island, Palace Square with the Alexander Column, Petergof, Nevsky Prospekt, and the Winter Palace
Image CoaCoat of Arms of Saint Petersburg (2003).png
Image FlagFlag of Saint Petersburg Russia.svg
Flag CaptionFlag
HolidayMay 27
Political StatusFederal city
Political Status LinkFederal cities of Russia
Federal DistrictNorthwestern
Economic RegionNorthwestern
Pop 2010census4848700
Pop 2010census Ref
Pop 2010census Rank4th
Urban Pop 2010census100%
Rural Pop 2010census0%
Pop 2002census4661219
Pop 2002census Rank4th
Urban Pop Census100%
Rural Pop Census0%
Area Km21439
Area Km2 Rank82nd
Established DateMay 27, 1703
License Plates78, 98, 178
Gov As OfMay 2009
Leader TitleGovernor
Leader NameGeorgy Poltavchenko (acting)
LegislatureLegislative Assembly
Basic Law TypeCharter
Basic Law TitleCharter of Saint Petersburg
DateMarch 2010

     Home | City | Saint Petersburg

Saint Petersburg ( ) is a city and a federal subject (a federal city) of Russia located on the Neva River at the head of the Gulf of Finland on the Baltic Sea. In 1914 the name of the city was changed to Petrograd ( ), in 1924 to Leningrad ( ) and in 1991 back to Saint Petersburg.

In Russian literature and informal documents the "Saint" (Санкт-) is usually omitted, leaving Petersburg (Петербург, Peterburg). In common parlance Russians may drop "-burg" (-бург) as well, leaving only Peter (Питер, pronounced as "Piter"; IPA: [ˈpʲitʲɪr]).

Saint Petersburg was founded by Tsar Peter the Great on . From 1713 to 1728 and from 1732 to 1918, Saint Petersburg was the Imperial capital of Russia. In 1918 the central government bodies moved from Saint Petersburg (then named Petrograd) to Moscow. It is Russia's second largest city after Moscow with 4.8 million inhabitants. Saint Petersburg is a major European cultural centre, and an important Russian port on the Baltic Sea.

Saint Petersburg is often described as the most Western city of Russia. Among cities of the world with over one million people, Saint Petersburg is the northernmost. The Historic Centre of Saint Petersburg and Related Groups of Monuments constitute a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Saint Petersburg is also home to The Hermitage, the largest art museum in the world. A large number of foreign consulates, international corporations, banks and other businesses are located in Saint Petersburg.

Warning: simplexml_load_file( [function.simplexml-load-file]: failed to open stream: HTTP request failed! HTTP/1.0 410 Gone in /home/askbio/public_html/index_bio.php on line 257

Warning: simplexml_load_file() [function.simplexml-load-file]: I/O warning : failed to load external entity "" in /home/askbio/public_html/index_bio.php on line 257

Fatal error: Call to a member function children() on a non-object in /home/askbio/public_html/index_bio.php on line 260