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Saint Peter

Personal information
NameSaint Peter the Apostle
TitlesPrince of the Apostles, First Pope, Martyr, Preacher
Birth dateca. 1 BC
Birth placeBethsaida
Death datepossibly AD 67
Death placeRome, by crucifixion
Venerated inCatholic Church, Eastern Orthodox Church, Anglican Communion, Lutheranism, Oriental Orthodoxy, Islam (honoured)
Major shrineSt. Peter's Basilica
Feastmain feast (with Paul of Tarsus) 29 June (Catholic Church, Eastern Orthodox Church, Oriental Orthodoxy, Anglicanism, Lutheranism)
Chair of St Peter in Rome 18 January (Pre-1960 Roman Calendar)
Confession of St Peter 18 January (Anglicanism)
Chair of St Peter 22 February (Roman Catholic Church)
St Peter in Chains 1 August (pre-1960 Roman Calendar)
AttributesKeys of Heaven, pallium, Papal vestments, Rooster, man crucified head downwards, vested as an Apostle, holding a book or scroll. Iconographically, he is depicted with a bushy white beard and white hair
PatronageSee St. Peter's Patronage

Saint Peter

Christian leader
English namePeter
Term startAD 30?
Term endAD 64?
PredecessorNew creation (First Pope)
Personal details
Birth nameSimon/Simeon bar Jona
Birth placeBethsaida (traditional)
Date of deathc. AD 64 (traditional)
Death placeCity of Rome (traditional),
Present day Italy IT

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Simon Peter ( , Pétros, "stone, rock"; possibly died AD 67), sometimes called Simon Cephas ( , Simōn Kēphas; ; , Sëmʻān Kêfâ) after his name in Hellenised Aramaic, was an early Christian leader, who is featured prominently in the New Testament Gospels and the Acts of the Apostles. Peter was the son of John or of Jonah and was from the village of Bethsaida in the province of Galilee. His brother Andrew was also an apostle. Simon Peter is venerated in multiple churches and is regarded as the first Pope by the Roman Catholic Church.

After working to establish the church of Antioch for seven years presiding as the city's bishop and preaching to scattered communities of believers (Jews, Hebrew Christians and the gentiles), in Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia Minor and Bithynia, Peter went to Rome. In the second year of Claudius, it is claimed, he overthrew Simon Magus and held the Sacerdotal Chair for 25 years. He is said to have been put to death at the hand of Nero. He wrote two Catholic epistles. The Gospel of Mark is also ascribed to him (as Mark was his disciple and interpreter). On the other hand, several books-the Acts, Gospel, Preaching, Revelation, and Judgement of Peter-are rejected by Christians as Apocryphal.

According to New Testament accounts, he was one of Twelve Apostles, chosen by Jesus from his first disciples. He was a fisherman assigned a leadership role by Jesus and was with Jesus during events witnessed by only a few Apostles, such as the Transfiguration.

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