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Saint Kitts and Nevis

Saint Kitts and Nevis
General information
Common nameSaint Kitts and Nevis
Motto"Country Above Self"
Anthem"O Land of Beauty!"
Royal anthemGod Save the Queen
Largest citycapital
Official languagesEnglish
DemonymKittitian (or, Alternatively, Kittian), Nevisian
GovernmentParliamentary democracy and Federal constitutional monarchy
MonarchElizabeth II
Governor-GeneralSir Cuthbert Sebastian
Prime MinisterDr. Denzil Douglas
from the United Kingdom19 September 1983
Total Area104 sq mi (269.4 km2) (207th)
Water %negligible
Population Est.51300 (209th)
Density (pop.)163.7/km2 (64th) (424/sq mi)
GDP PPP$726 million (2009)
GDP (PPP) per capita$13,429
GDP (nominal)$557 million (2009)
GDP (nominal) per capita$10,315
Other information
HDI(-) 0.838 (2007) (high) (62nd)
CurrencyEast Caribbean dollar (XCD)
Drives on theleft
Calling code+1-869

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The Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis (c-enaudio=En-us-Saint Kitts and Nevis, located in the Leeward Islands, is a federal two-island nation in the West Indies. It is the smallest sovereign state in the Americas, in both area and population.

The capital city and headquarters of government for the federated state is Basseterre on the larger island of Saint Kitts. The smaller state of Nevis lies about 2 miles (3 km) southeast of Saint Kitts, across a shallow channel called "The Narrows".

Historically, the British dependency of Anguilla was also a part of this union, which was then known collectively as Saint Christopher-Nevis-Anguilla. Saint Kitts and Nevis are geographically part of the Leeward Islands. To the north-northwest lie the islands of Sint Eustatius, Saba, Saint Barthélemy, Saint-Martin/Sint Maarten and Anguilla. To the east and northeast are Antigua and Barbuda, and to the southeast is the small uninhabited island of Redonda, and the island of Montserrat, which currently has an active volcano (see Soufrière Hills).

Saint Kitts and Nevis were among the first islands in the Caribbean to be settled by Europeans. Saint Kitts was home to the first English and French colonies in the Caribbean.

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