Sagar (Saugar), (Hindi: सागर), called the city of lakes, is a city in Madhya Pradesh state of central India. in a picturesque situation on a spur of the Vindhya Range and 1758 ft. above sea-level, and around 180 km northeast of state capital, Bhopal. Its original name 'Saugor' is amalgation of two words namely 'SAU' meaning 100 and 'GARH' meaning forts, as there were countless small-forts in this region. With time the name has changed from 'Saugor' to 'Sagar'.
Sagar is a handsomely built university town with great natural beauty and cultural heritage. Hindi is the official language of the city, while Bundelkhandi is the local dialect. Sagar is well known for its contribution to Hindi literature, and hosts a number of writers, poets and other leading artists in their respective fields.
The region is popular on India's tourism scene, due to its cultural heritage and diversity. Some places of interest in and around Sagar are Rahatgarh Waterfalls, Garhphra Mountains and Temples, and Khimlasa Forts. Sagar is developing into an industrial area with many new corporate industries setting up their plants within the city. Sagar has an army cantonment unit. The city known as the Heart of Madhya Pradesh has a very good transportation network with the railway system and national highways connecting it with all major cities across India. The nearest airport from the city is at Bhopal, the capital of the state of M.P.
Sagar region is served by various media networks. Regional commercial television networks such as Doordarshan (DD)operate in and around the city. The region also receives local radio networks and is home to various daily newspapers such as Dainik Bhaskar, Dainik Jaagran. The Pragati Shopping Mall and many commercial shops are located mainly in the Civil Lines area. Sagar has a small stadium, where different sporting events are organized. Cricket, Football and Hockey are the most popular sports.
The health care services in Sagar are dependent mainly on government hospital. After opening of Govt. medical college people are getting better medical facilities. The college is in infantile stage and yet dependent on age old district hospital. The college hospital is under construction. at present as by end of 2011 only OPD of the college hospital is functioning. The modern healthcare facilities are not much advanced in the town. Tertiary healthcare services are not available at all even after opening of Medical College. There are small sporadic nursing homes in Sagar. The private set up of hospitals was at times (1991) was initiated by devotion of DR Anil Khare and Dr Mrs C K Khare through a limited company. The hospital named Lokpriya hospital was inaugurated by Mr Sunil Dutt in september 19, 1991. The hospital continued for 10 years when it landed into a dispute between owners and MPFC. Resultantly it was closed in 2001. Thereafter none dared to take major step for private healthcare set up.
Sagar holds a large part of the city to the Army with Military battalions like MRC etc. being its part.