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General information
Common nameSaba
Motto"Remis Velisque" (Latin)
"With oars and sails" (English)
Anthem"Saba you rise from the ocean"
CapitalThe Bottom
Largest cityThe Bottom
Official languagesDutch, English
GovernmentSee Politics of the Netherlands
Lt. GovernorJonathan Johnson
Constitutional monarchyConstitutional monarchy (Part of the Netherlands)
Total Area5 sq mi (13 km2)
Population census1424 (2004)
Other information
CurrencyUS dollar (USD)
Time zone-4 (UTC-4)
Internet, .nl
Calling code599

     Home | Country | Saba

Saba ( ) is a Caribbean island and the smallest special municipality (officially "public body") of the Netherlands. It consists largely of the potentially active volcano Mount Scenery (877 m), the highest point of the Kingdom of the Netherlands and the Netherlands proper.

Saba, including the islet of Green Island, became a public body (often referred to as "special municipality") of the Netherlands after the dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles on 10 October 2010.

The island has a land area of 13 km2 (5 sq. miles). At the 2001 Netherlands Antilles census, the population was 1,349 inhabitants, which means a population density of 104 inhabitants per km2. In 2004 the population was estimated at 1,424 inhabitants. Its current major towns and settlements include The Bottom, Windwardside, Hell's Gate and St. Johns.

As the island is part of the Netherlands, Dutch is the official language. Despite the island's Dutch affiliation, English is the principal language spoken on the island and has been used in its school system since the 19th century. English can therefore be used in communication of and to the government although there is a local dialect. Since January 1, 2011, the U.S. dollar has been the official currency, replacing the Netherlands Antillian Guilder.

Saba is home to the Saba University School of Medicine, which was established by American expatriates in coordination with the Netherlands government. The school adds over 300 residents when classes are in session, and it is the prime educational attraction. A.M. Edwards Medical Center is the major provider of healthcare for local residents.

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