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German location
BrgermeisterCharlotte Britz
Basic statistics
Area (km2)167.07
Elevation (m)230.1
Other information
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plateSB
Postal code66001 66133
Area code0681, 06893, 06897, 06898, 06805


Native NameGrafschaft Saarbrücken (de)
Comté de Sarrebruck (fr)
Grofschaft Saarbrécken (lb)
Conventional Long NameCounty of Saarbrücken
Common NameSaarbrucken, County
RegionRhine basin
EraMiddle Ages
EmpireHoly Roman Empire
Government TypePrincipality
Year Startthe 12th century
Year End1797
Life Spanca 1120 1797
Event PreJoined the Holy
 Roman Empire
Date Pre
Event StartGained Imp. immediacy
Date Startca 1120
Event1To Nassau-Weilburg
Date Event11353
Event2Occupied by France
Date Event21793
Event EndAnnexed by France
Event PostPassed to Prussian
 Grd Dchy Lwr Rhine
Date Post
June 9, 1815
P1Bishopric of Metz
S1Sarre (department)
Flag S1Flag of France.svg
Image CoatWappen Grafschaft Saarbrücken.svg
Common LanguagesRhine Franconian; see language of the Saarland

     Home | City | Saarbrucken

Saarbrücken (-dezaːɐ̯ˈbʁʏkən; , -frsaʁbʁykIPA) is the capital of the state of Saarland in Germany. The city is situated at the heart of a metropolitan area that borders on the west on Dillingen and to the north-east on Neunkirchen, where most of the people of the Saarland live.

Saarbrücken used to be the industrial and transport centre of a great coal basin. Production included iron and steel, sugar, beer, pottery, optical instruments, machinery, and construction materials. However, over the past decades the industrial importance of Saarland has declined, as the mining industry has become unprofitable.

Historic landmarks in the city include the stone bridge across the Saar (1546), the Gothic church of St Arnual, the 18th century Saarbrücker Schloss (castle) and the old part of the town, the St. Johanner Markt. In 1815 Saarbrücken came under Prussian control, and for two periods in the 20th century (1919 35 and 1945 57) it became part of the Saar territory under French administration. For this reason, coupled with its proximity to the French border, it retains a certain French influence.

In modern German Saarbrücken literally means Saar bridges, and indeed there are about a dozen bridges across the Saar river. However, the name actually predates any bridge at this spot by at least 500 years. The historical name of the town is actually Sarabrucca, derived from the Old High German word Brucca, which became Brocken in High German (rock or boulder in English).

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