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Richmond, Virginia

Richmond Virginia
Full nameCity of Richmond
Official nameCity of Richmond
Settlement typeCity
MottoSic Itur Ad Astra (Thus do we reach the stars)
CountryUnited States
MayorDwight Clinton Jones (I)
Total Area62.5 sq mi (161.9 km2)
Land Area60.1 sq mi (155.7 km2)
Water Area2.5 sq mi (6.5 km2)
Elevation166.45 ft (50.7 m)
Total Population204,214 (103rd) (2010)
Density (pop.)1239.8/km2 (3211.1/sq mi)
Metro (pop.)1,258,251 (43rd)
Other information
Time zoneEST (UTC-5)
- Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP Codes23173, 23218 23242, 23249 23250, 23255, 23260 23261, 23269, 23273 23274, 23276, 23278 23279, 23282, 23284 23286, 23288 23295, 23297 23298, 23221, 23225, 23226
Area code804|area_code_type=Area code
FIPS code51-67000 
GNIS feature ID1499957 

     Home | City | Richmond Virginia

Richmond (c-eniconˈrɪtʃmənd) is the capital of the Commonwealth of Virginia, in the United States. It is an independent city and not part of any county. Richmond is the center of the Richmond Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) and the Greater Richmond area. The population within the city limits was 204,214 in 2010, with an estimated population of 1,258,251 for the Richmond Metropolitan Area - making it the third largest in Virginia.Henrico] and Chesterfield counties, the city is located at the intersections of Interstate 95 and Interstate 64, and encircled by Interstate 295 and Virginia State Route 288.

Geographically, Richmond is located 108 miles (174 km) south of Washington DC, 71 miles (114 km) east of Charlottesville, VA, and 54 miles (87 km) west of Williamsburg, VA. The site of Richmond, at the fall line of the James River, had been an important village of the Powhatan Confederacy, and was briefly settled by English colonists from Jamestown in 1609, and in 1610 11. The present city of Richmond was founded in 1737. It became the capital of the Colony and Dominion of Virginia in 1780. During the Revolutionary War period, several notable events occurred in the city, including Patrick Henry's "Give me liberty or give me death" speech in 1775 at St. John's Church, and the passage of the Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom written by Thomas Jefferson. During the American Civil War, Richmond served as the capital of the Confederate States of America. The city entered the 20th century with one of the world's first successful electric streetcar systems, as well as a national hub of African-American commerce and culture, the Jackson Ward neighborhood.

Richmond's economy is primarily driven by law, finance, and government, with federal, state, and local governmental agencies, as well as notable legal and banking firms, located in the downtown area. The city is home to both the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit, one of 13 United States courts of appeals, and the Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, one of 12 Federal Reserve Banks. Dominion Resources, Carmax, Genworth Financial, and MeadWestvaco, Fortune 500 companies, along with Massey Energy and Universal Corporation, Fortune 1000 companies, are headquartered in the city, with others in the metropolitan area. Tourism is also important, as many historic sites are in or nearby the city.

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