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Resistencia, Chaco

Full nameResistencia
Settlement typeCity
Departments of ArgentinaSan Fernando
MayorAída Ayala
Elevation164 ft (50 m)
Total Population274490 (2001)
Other information
Area code03277

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Resistencia (-esresisˈtensjapron) is the capital and largest city in the province of Chaco, in northeastern Argentina. At the 2001 census, the population of the Resistencia city proper was 274,490 inhabitants. It is the anchor of a slightly larger metropolitan area, Greater Resistencia, which comprises three more municipalities and has a 2008 population estimate of 377,000. This metro area is the largest in the province, and the eleventh most populous in the country.

Located along the Negro River, a branch of the much larger Paraná river, the area was originally inhabited by some guaycuru aboriginals, such as the tobas. Their resistance to evangelisation postponed an efficient European settlement until the late 19th century. It wasn't until 1865 that a proper settlement was established, and on January 27, 1878, Resistencia was formally established as the territorial capital. The national government supported immigration, and in 1878 the first Italian immigrants arrived. The first City Council was made up entirely of members from that country.

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