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     Home | Office Holder | Reed Smoot



Reed Owen Smoot (January 10, 1862 - February 9, 1941) was a native-born Utahn who was first elected to the United States Senate from Utah in 1903, and served as a Senator until 1933. Smoot is primarily remembered as the co-sponsor of the 1930 Smoot Hawley Tariff Act, which raised US import tariffs on over 20,000 dutiable items to record levels and is widely regarded as having exacerbated the Great Depression. Smoot was a prominent leader of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), serving as an apostle in the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles. Smoot's role in the LDS Church (together with rumors of a secret LDS policy favoring multiple marriage and a secret oath) led to lengthy controversy, when he was first elected to the Senate, over his eligibility to serve, eventually settled in Smoot's favor. At the time of his death, Smoot was third in the line of succession to lead the LDS Church.


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