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Red River Parish, Louisiana

US county information
NameRed River Parish
StateLouisiana
SeatCoushatta
Largest cityCoushatta
US Area
Total Area402 sq mi (1041.2 km2)
Land Area389 sq mi (1007.5 km2)
Water Area13 sq mi (33.7 km2)
Population9622 (2000)
Density9.7/km2 (25/sq mi)
Named forRed River
Time zoneCentral
Time zoneCentral: UTC-6/-5: -6/-5

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Red River Parish (French: Paroisse de la Rivière-Rouge) is a parish located in the U.S. state of Louisiana. Its seat is Coushatta. It was one of the newer parishes created in 1871 by the state legislature under Reconstruction. The plantation economy was based on cotton cultivation, highly dependent on enslaved labor before the American Civil War.

In 1880, the parish had a population with more than twice as many blacks as whites. They were essentially disfranchised in 1898 under a new state constitution after the white Democrats regained power in the state in the late 1870s through paramilitary intimidation at the polls. Most of the former slaves worked as sharecroppers and laborers, cultivating cotton. Due to mechanization of agriculture, many blacks left the parish during the mid-20th century Great Migration to seek better job opportunities elsewhere. By 2000, the parish population was 9,622, with a white majority.


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