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Rajshahi

Administration
Full nameRajshahi,Bangladesh
Official nameRajshahi,Bangladesh
Native nameরাজশাহী
Settlement typeMetropolis
CountryBangladesh
DivisionRajshahi Division
DistrictRajshahi District
EstablishmentSometimes in between 1700-1725
Establishment of Municipality1876
Granted city status1991
Government
TypeMunicipality
MayorA H M Khairuzzaman Liton
Geography
Total Area37.3 sq mi (96.68 km2)
Elevation59.1 ft (18 m)
Demography
Total Population775495 (2008 est.)
Density (pop.)4890/km2 (12665.1/sq mi)
Metro (pop.)472775
Other information
Time zoneBST (UTC+6)
Postal code6000
National Calling Code+880
Calling Code0721

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:This article is about the city. For the district, see Rajshahi District. For the division, see Rajshahi Division.

The city of Rajshahi (Bangla: রাজশাহী) is the divisional headquarters of Rajshahi division as well as the administrative district that bears its name and is one of the six metropolitan cities of Bangladesh. Often referred to as Silk City and Education City, Rajshahi is located in the north-west of the country and has an estimated population of around 475,000 people. Its total area is 96.69 km2 (37.3 sqmi) and is situated on the northern banks of the river Padma (or Ganges which is one of the major rivers of the Indian subcontinent). Rajshahi consists of 4 Thanas, 35 Wards and 175 Mahallahs.

Rajshahi was formerly known as Rampur Boalia. Though an epigraphic record engraved on the Dargah (mausoleum) of the famous saint Hazrat Shah Makdhum (Rh.) indicates that the antiquity of Rajshahi goes back to at least 1634 A.D. The town was given importance in 1825, when the East India Company shifted the administrative headquarters of the district of Rajshahi from Natore to then Rampur Boalia, mainly for the ease of communication from Calcutta through the Hooghly river, Bhairab River and Padma river. Rajshahi Municipality, which was one of the first municipalities in Bangladesh, was established in 1876. Rajshahi Municipality was renamed as Rajshahi Pourashabha, and finally, Rajshahi Pourshava was declared Rajshahi City Corporation in 1991. Besides the City Corporation, a governing body named Rajshahi Unnayan Kortripokhkho (Rajshahi Development Authority-RDA) is there to plan the development of the city and to coordinate all the development related work.

Rajshahi is famous for its silk industries. Fine and cheap silk products of Rajshahi have earned it the nickname Silk City. Rajshahi is also well known for its fruits, especially for Mango and Lychee. Besides the beautiful Mango Orchards and river beaches, it is home to renowned educational institutions covering almost all of professional and cultural fields available within the country. This is why Rajshahi is sometimes referred to as Education City in Bangladesh. Rajshahi is an important tourist destination because of a number of ancient mosques, shrines and temples in and around the city.


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