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Querétaro

Queretaro
Administration
Full nameQuerétaro
Native nameEstado Libre y Soberano de Querétaro
Settlement typeState
CountryMexico
CapitalSantiago de Querétaro
Largest CitySantiago de Querétaro
Municipalities18
AdmissionDecember 23, 1823
Order11th
Government
GovernorJosé Calzada
SenatorsGuillermo Tamborrel
Eduardo Nava
Ma. del Socorro García
DeputiesFederal Deputies
• Alfredo Lugo
• Reginaldo Rivera
• Jesús María Rodríguez
• Adriana Fuentes Cortés
• Miguel Martínez
• Marcela Torres
• Sandra Ugalde Basaldúa
• Carlos Alberto Ezeta
• Rafael Pacchiano Alamán
Geography
Total Area4510 sq mi (11684 km2)
Highest Elevation11023.6 ft (3360 m)
Demography
Total Population1827937 (22nd) (2010)
Density (pop.)auto/km2 (7th) (0/sq mi)
DemonymQueretano (a)
Other information
Time zoneCST, (UTC-6) (UTC)
- Summer (DST)CDT (UTC-5)
Postal code76
Area codeArea codes
• 414
• 419
• 427
• 441
• 442
• 448
• 487
ISO 3166 codeMX-QUE
HDI(+) 0.831 high Ranked 16th
GDPUS$ 12,552,404.609 mil 

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Querétaro (-eskeˈɾetaɾo) officially Estado Libre y Soberano de Querétaro ( ) is one of the 31 states which, with the Federal District, comprise the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico. It is divided into 18 municipalities and its capital city is Santiago de Querétaro.

It is located in North-Central Mexico, in a region known as el Bajío. It is bordered by the states of San Luis Potosí to the north, Guanajuato to the west, Hidalgo to the east, México to the southeast and Michoacán to the southwest.

The state is one of the smallest in Mexico, but it is also one of the most heterogeneous geographically, with ecosystems varying from deserts to tropical rainforest, especially in the Sierra Gorda, which is filled with micro ecosystems. The area of the state was located on the northern edge of Mesoamerica, with both the P’urhépecha and Aztec Empires having influence in the extreme south, but neither really dominated it. The area, especially the Sierra Gorda, had a number of small city states in but by the time the Spanish arrived, these had all been abandoned, with only small agricultural villages and semi nomadic peoples inhabiting the area. Spanish conquest was focused on the establishment of the Santiago de Querétaro, which still dominates the state culturally, economically and educationally.


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