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Punk rock

Music genre
NamePunk rock
Stylistic originsRock and roll  folk  rockabilly  surf rock  garage rock  glam rock  pub rock  protopunk
Cultural originsMid-1970s, United States, United Kingdom, and Australia
Typical instruments Vocals  electric guitar  bass  drums  occasional use of other instruments 
Mainstream popularityTopped charts in UK during late 1970s. International commercial success for pop punk and ska punk, mid-1990s � 2000s.
Derivative forms New Wave  post-punk  gothic rock  alternative rock  grunge  emo 
Subgenres Anarcho-punk  art punk  Christian punk  crust punk  garage punk  glam punk  hardcore punk  oi!  Riot Grrrl  skate punk 
Subgenre listPunk rock subgenres
Fusion genres 2 Tone  anti-folk  avant-punk  Celtic punk  Chicano punk  cowpunk  deathrock  folk punk  Gaelic punk  Gypsy punk  pop punk  psychobilly  punk blues  punk jazz  ska punk 
Regional scenes Argentina  Australia  Basque Country   Belgium  Brazil  California  France  Germany  Spain  Uruguay  Yugoslavia 
Local scenes Brisbane  Toronto 
Other topics Protopunk  DIY ethic  First wave punk  Queercore  Punk fashion  Punk forerunners  Punk ideologies  Punk movies  Punk fanzines  Punk subculture  Punk timeline  Second wave punk  Straight Edge  List of punk bands  Punk rock subgenres 

     Home | Music Genre | Punk rock

Punk rock is a rock music genre that developed between 1974 and 1976 in the United States, the United Kingdom, and Australia. Rooted in garage rock and other forms of what is now known as protopunk music, punk rock bands eschewed perceived excesses of mainstream 1970s rock. Punk bands created fast, hard-edged music, typically with short songs, stripped-down instrumentation, and often political, anti-establishment lyrics. Punk embraces a DIY ethic; many bands self-produced recordings and distributed them through informal channels.

By late 1976, bands such as the Ramones, in New York City, and the Sex Pistols and The Clash, in London, were recognized as the vanguard of a new musical movement. The following year saw punk rock spreading around the world, and it became a major cultural phenomenon in the United Kingdom. For the most part, punk took root in local scenes that tended to reject association with the mainstream. An associated punk subculture emerged, expressing youthful rebellion and characterized by distinctive styles of clothing and adornment and a variety of anti-authoritarian ideologies.

By the beginning of the 1980s, faster, more aggressive styles such as hardcore and Oi! had become the predominant mode of punk rock. Musicians identifying with or inspired by punk also pursued a broad range of other variations, giving rise to post-punk and the alternative rock movement. By the turn of the century, pop punk had been adopted by the mainstream, as bands such as Green Day and The Offspring brought the genre widespread popularity.

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